The Discussion about the Common Psychological Barriers and Its Transformation of Female Students in Colleges in the PE Teaching
Li, Liu, Asian Social Science
Physical education (PE) in colleges is a part of college education system, the quality of the PE class of the female students will directly affect their corporeity, the whole schools physical education and even the quality of the cultivation of talents in colleges. So we should pay more attention on the quality of college female students' PE class. Generally speaking, the age of college female students is ranking from17 to 23, which is close to or have reached the age of adults. Differences exist between girls and boys both physiologically and psychologically during this time. So we should firstly solve problems mentally if we want to have a PE class for female students in which they can do efficiently. We should deal with those problems in a reasonable way, motivate their enthusiasm to have a PE class, cultivate their interests towards PE and urge them to form a habit of exercise consciously according to the girls' physiological characteristics and the physiological barriers that affect their interests to the class. According to the physiological barriers the college girls showed in the PE class, the author makes the following analysis and study.
Keywords: psychological barriers, PE teaching, female students in colleges
1. The Analysis of Female Students' Physiological Barriers in Physical Education
The mainly physiological barriers that affect female students' attitudes toward PE class are the following aspects:
1.1 Contempt Psychology
Since some certain primary and middle schools value intelligence cultivation rather than physical education, and pursue enrolment rate superficially, some college students rarely go to PE classes when they are in high school. Therefore, their views about PE are superficial and a general contempt psychology that the PE class does not indispensably exists. Those students harbor the opinion that without PE class for three- year high school life they still have passed the entrance examination and gone to the college. So they always ask for leave when it is in a PE class. Though they sometimes come to the class, they are always in low spirit and are unwilling to do exercises on their own.
1.2 The Fear Psychology of Bitterness, Tiredness, and Dirt
Nowadays most college students are spoiled when they are at home, and they are "the focus target of protection" who live comfortable lives and never have a chance to experience hardship. As we all know, we usually have PE classes outside, and do exercises rain and sun. Thus some girls fear that their skin blacken, their clothes stained, their hair messed, and unwilling to go to the PE class. Especially in the sports event such as mat exercises, jumping and long-distance running those girls harbor fear psychology. The windy and dusty weather or some other bad weather make these female students more timid and then try to escape the PE class.
Nowadays female college students mostly are between 17 to 23 years old. Shyness always make them worry about whether their behavior is good-looking, and whether it would provoke mockery especially when someone is looking or the place they have class is near the boy's. And this directly affected the quality of the class.
1.4 The Love of Beauty
Young girls love beauty, and there is no exception to female college students. This kind of psychology shown in the PE class is that they have keen interest in rhythmic gymnastics and calisthenics, while paid little attention to those sports event in track and field and ball sports, such as shot putting, long-distance running, long-jumping and basketball and so on. They all hope to have a slender figure and fear to get fat, some even reduce weight in a blind way. This kind of psychology hampered the all-round development of their physical fitness.
When taking part in the physical activities, some students are inactive or slow while learning actions for their bad physical fitness and the lack of perceptional ability and some are not well equipped with the study discipline and practice methods of an efficient PE class. …