Leather Puppet in Javanese Ritual Ceremony

By Sunarto, M. Hum | Researchers World, July 2013 | Go to article overview

Leather Puppet in Javanese Ritual Ceremony


Sunarto, M. Hum, Researchers World


ABSTRACT

Wayang kulit (leather puppet) is a universal art work and is owned by different countries. In Indonesia, leather puppet has significant roles in Javanese community life. Among such roles is that it is perfomed in ritual purposes. There are some ritual functions performed by Javanese people. With descriptive qualitative method, it was known that presently only two types of leather puppet exist. The first type is performed in such types of ruwatan as ruwatan sukerta. The second type is performed in such purifying rituals as the bersih desa (village purification) ritual. In general, the rituals remain consistent and only little modification is made in order to be more practical

Keywords: leathre puppet, ruwatan sukerta, bersih desa.

INTRODUCTION:

Wayang (puppet) has been popular among the people of Indonesia. Wayang has been internalized in the heart of the Indonesian people. Wayang has been performed in television and enjoyed by millions of people throughout the nation, even those in remote areas. Wayang performance can also be enjoyed through the radio. Wayang is a very flexible art expression, either as a religious medium or artistic entertainment. Wayang embraced many forms of art such as painting, decoration, dance, music, vocal art, drama, scupture, and many others. These combinations enrich performance art and visual art (Heri Dono, 1993: 29). Such forms of art in wayang can be enjoyed collectively. Wayang is inseparable from the Javanese because Javanese wayang is more popular than others. Javanese is the largest ethnic in Indonesia. At least 41.7% of Indonesian population is Javanese people.

Leather puppet performance through television has made it even more popular and famous. Since wayang is performed in television, some changes have occured. While in the past wayang was an oral literature art, at present time it transforms into a merely performance art. In television wayang has been transformed into auditory-visual peformance. Cosequently, the performance of wayang in the television has put forward the visual aspect rather than the literature. Such literature content as janturan and suluk has been reduced and are only performed in particular scenes. On the other hand, musical composition play is performed more frequently. The niyaga (performers in gamelan orchestra) are well dressed, while the pesindhen (singers in gamelan orchestra) sit with their back to the wayang, who were traditionally opposite. Consequently the spectators can clearly see the faces of the artists (C. Bakdi Sumanto, 2003: 9-10).

The appearance of leather puppet show in television has made the art activities more competitive to capture the market. However, with the diminishing aspects traditionally contained in the wayang as the noble art has gradually lost its self-identity and dignity. Has has transformed itself into a money-oriented art, althoug it has not been comparable to modern art such as music to which nearly all people, in particular the young, love very much and which generates large financial benefits. The successful performance of modern arts is closely related to the professional management and administration, with long and serious preparation. The performance of wayang purwa which is a variant of a performance art has to be managed like a modern art with seriuos and professional management. The problem is whether there is any sponsor who is willing to manage this traditional art.

Historically, leather puppet has been long konwn in Indonesia, at least atthe tenth century, popularly known as ringgit (Pandam Guritno, 1988:3). At that time, the shapre of the purwa leather puppet was not identified but was told in the theme of serat Harjuna Wiwaha (Mahabarata). The materials used to make wayang was animal leather known as walulang inukir (walulang/lulang in Javanese means leather, while inukir means carved). Therefore, literally walulang inukir means the leather which was carved to represent a particular figure. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Leather Puppet in Javanese Ritual Ceremony
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.