Analysis of Educational Facilities and Opportunities for Students with Special Needs at University of the Punjab

By Bano, Humara; Akhter, Nasreen et al. | The Journal of Educational Research, January 1, 2013 | Go to article overview

Analysis of Educational Facilities and Opportunities for Students with Special Needs at University of the Punjab


Bano, Humara, Akhter, Nasreen, Anjum, Nyla, The Journal of Educational Research


Abstract

Inclusion of special students at higher education and their diverse needs require special arrangements in environment for them. The provision of educational facilities and opportunities as per their needs also help them to develop their maximum satisfaction for their educational institutions. As much as these special students are satisfied, there are better chances for the academic achievements. This study has been conducted to analyze various educational opportunities and fecilities for the special needs of students at University of the Punjab. The analysis of result revealed theoretical and practical implications for special students at higher education. It is concluded that satisfaction level of students with special needs from educational Utilities and opportunities provided at the University was a bit more than average. This shows that needs and requirements of students with special needs are not neglected at the University.

Key words: Students with special needs, Facilities, Curriculum modification and adaptations, Opportunities

Introduction

The concept of "diversity" describes that human beings are heterogeneous and they differ to each other in various ways (Deary, Penke, & Johnson, 2010). This diversity also helps to understand the learning differentiations among students (Lundberg, 2010). The enrollment of students with special needs automatically leads to completions of education like other students (Ball & Lund, 2010). If relevant facilities and assistance is provided at higher education, students with special needs may complete their education with relevant academic skills and methods (Ruijs, et al., 2010). The most important pillar of universities is not only the general understanding of education as quality but to develop student's acquisition of competencies relevant to market job. Aldridge and Rowley (1998) reported the view of student's better learning opportunities to be conditional to quality education. He further reported that student's success or failure in learning is the result of their level of satisfaction or dissatisfaction. Further, Bert and Rehman (2010) in their study investigated the determinants of student's satisfaction in higher education and their influence on level of satisfaction and found that students are satisfied with higher education in Pakistan. However, the level of satisfaction varies on gender basis due to their socio economic setting. He further identified that teachers and classroom facilities are the key factors to enhance the student's satisfaction at higher education. Various researchers identified that image of university, quality of instructors, education, test books, intimation before attending university, methods of teachers, administration of courses are key factor s to develop and enhance student's satisfaction at higher education or universities. (Palacio, et al. 2002; Aldermir&Gulcan 2004; Navarro, et al., 2005).

As compared to normal counterparts, the participation of the students with special needs in higher education is a matter of equal opportunity and empowerment (Vickerman& Blundell, 2010). In spite of various legislations about the inclusion of students with special needs, this issue has still not been addressed very well. Mostly the concept of barriers rather than to describe the person's impairment is based on social model of disability in which emphasizes upon societal constraints in participation (Barron & et al., 1996).

This study presents an overview of satisfaction level of students with special needs in higher educational institutions of Pakistan. This research embarks on available facilities and services (accessing the buildings, hostel, scholarship, library, etc) for students with special needs in the University of the Punjab, Lahore. Additionally, curriculum and instructional adaptations made by the university teachers for these students in classrooms were covered in this research. Moreover, this research focused on problems faced by students with special needs with the discussion on facilities and services with special reference to demographic factors like gender, disability, age, and parental socio-economic backgrounds. …

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