Shenyang Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism Development Model

By Wei, Li; Dan, Liu | Cross - Cultural Communication, September 1, 2013 | Go to article overview

Shenyang Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism Development Model


Wei, Li, Dan, Liu, Cross - Cultural Communication


Abstract

Based on a tourism resources analysis of the intangible cultural heritage in Shenyang, this article integrates intangible cultural heritage protection with tourism development and discusses a number of interactive models of development that provides valuable references to protecting the intangible cultural heritage in Shenyang and tourism development.

Key words: Intangible cultural heritage; Tourism; Development model

1. DEFINITION OF INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE

China is a country of ancient history and civiliza,ion that hosts not only a large quantity of material cultural heritage, but also abundant intangible cultural heritage. In the 2005 issue of "Statement of People's Republic China State Council General Office on Supporting Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection", the General Office defines intangible cultural heritage as: traditional cultural representations (e.g. folk activities, performing arts, traditional knowledge and skills, and associated containers, instruments, objects and artifacts) and cultural spaces transmitted from generation to generation of people of all ethnicities and closely related to everyday life activities. Intangible cultural heritage can be divided into two categories: (a) traditional forms of cultural representations such as folk cultural activities, performing arts, traditional knowledge and skills; (b) cultural space, that is, the venues that feature in both spatiality and temporality and that host traditional cultural events on a regular basis or exhibit collective cultural representations.

2. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SHENYANG'S INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE AS TOURISM RESOURCES

Shenyang is rich in intangible cultural heritage. At present it has eight (8) national level intangible cultural heritage projects: ^ ^ Tan-Zhenshan folk tales> Tang-style Peking Opera, Han-Huaxiao Ping Opera, Dongbei Drum c. T , , c . . , . , . SlnSlnS' Laolongkou Chinese Spirits brewmg techniques, He-Junyou Xibo ethnic group folk tales, traditional crafting techniques (wood coating) in northeastern antique buildings and traditional local opera Fengtian Laozi Singing. These intangible cultural heritages are vivid representations of culture and the genes of indigenous in Shenyang region; rich, and diverse, they are also precious tourism resources, of irreplaceable significance and cultural values. The intangible cultural heritage in Shenyang feature in the following asPects:

2.1 Diverse Representational Forms

According to the "Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural heritage", United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) differentiates between five (5) categories of intangible culture heritage, that is, performing arts, traditional craftsmanship, rituals and traditional customs, language and oral history, knowledge and practices, whereas the intangible cultural heritage in Shenyang concentrate on the first four categories. The category of performing arts includes Tang-style Peking Opera, the Han-, Huaand Xiao-style of Ping Opera, Dongbei Drum Singing, Fengtian Laozi Singing, the Drum-and-Stilt-Walk of Hui ethnic group, Dragon-Lion Dance of Xiguan Hui ethnic group, Xin-Yanling Ping Opera performing art, Zhou-Zhongbo Peking Opera performing art, the Talkand-Singing show of Chaoxian ethnic group, Zhangshi Royal Garden Dragon Dance techniques; the category of traditional craftsmanship includes the techniques for making Tang's Flour-doll, brewing Laolongkou Chinese spirits, making Laobian dumplings and Anshi Dragon Lantern and cooking Dongguan "Four-Unique-Dishes"; the category of language and oral history includes the folk tales of Tan-Zhenshan's, Dongling Man ethnic group's and Xue-Tianzhi's; the category of rituals and traditional customs includes Grabbing Galaha of Xibo ethnic group and the Fertility Goddess of this group.

2.2 Indigenousness Relatively Strong

Shenyang's intangible cultural heritage exhibits vivid regional characteristics, of a rich rural flavor and relatively strong sense of indigenousness. …

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