Symposia

Psychology, Community & Health, May 1, 2013 | Go to article overview

Symposia


Attitudes Towards Homosexuals, Their Romantic Relationships and Views on Same-sex Parenting

David Rodrigues a

[a]Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), CIS-IUL, PORTUGAL

dflrs@iscte.pt

Like in many other European countries, Portugal is no exception regarding the common practice of expressing prejudiced attitudes and discriminatory behaviours towards homosexuals. Recent studies with Portuguese samples show high levels of negative attitudes towards LG people, a situation that calls the attention of politicians, decision makers, and practitioners, but also of the scientific and academic world. It is within this spirit of concern and scientific questioning and researching of this particular phenomenon that this symposium is anchored. In this sense, in the present symposium we aim at providing a general view about homophobia, same-sex romantic relationships and parenting in Portugal. In talk 1, Correia and Costa will focus on the variables pointed as predictors of attitudes towards homosexuals, and the role that beliefs play in constructing such attitudes. In talk 2, Lopes and Oliveira will focus more specifically on the prejudice against homosexuals, analysing the predictors of homophobia. This will provide a basis to understand the expected marginalization of homosexuals' romantic relationships, and the need to understand societal variables when analysing such relationships. Indeed, in talk 3 Rodrigues, Lopes, and Prada will focus on the comparison between co-habiting and non-cohabiting heterosexual and homosexual romantic relationships, in order to better understand their differences and overlaps. Still in this topic, in talk 4 Costa, Pereira, and Leal will focus on parenting and the similarities/differences regarding the variables that predict heterosexuals' and homosexuals' views on same-sex parenting. A general discussion will be carried out in order to open future avenues of research, and inform practitioners about efficacious practices that might help reduce this kind of prejudice.

Attitudes Toward LGBT Persons: An Overview of the Main Attitudinal Predictors

Adriana Correia a

Pedro Alexandre Costa ab

[a]UIPES, ISPA-IU, PORTUGAL

[b]Universidade da Beira Interior, PORTUGAL

ascorreia@ispa.pt,

pcosta@ispa.pt

The aim of this presentation is to provide an overview of the research on psycho-socio-demographic predictors of prejudicial attitudes toward LGBT persons. Several psycho-socio-demographic predictors have been highlighted has having a strong influence in the way people think about and act toward LGBT persons. Being male, older, less educated, religious, and politically conservative, living in poorer countries or rural areas, and not having contact with LGBT persons were the strongest predictors. Moreover, believing that homosexuality has a social basis, or is a mental illness, also appears to be amongst the strongest predictors. Gender-roles and sex-roles beliefs seem to mediate the relationship between psycho-socio-demographic variables and negative attitudes.

Determinants of Prejudice Against Homosexuals in Portugal: Homophobia, Polymorphous Prejudice and its Predictors

Diniz Lopes a

João Manuel Oliveira a

[a]Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), CIS-IUL, PORTUGAL

diniz.lopes@iscte.pt

A recent study showed that 70% of the Portuguese consider same-sex relationships condemnable. We analysed heterosexual Portuguese individuals' homophobia (N = 1220) and its predictors using Massey's polymorphous prejudice scale (PPS) and different sociodemographic, ideological and societal variables. Results from different hierarchical regressions show that ideological and societal level measures are better predictors of global polymorphous prejudice than sociodemographic measures. …

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