Financial Performance and Technical Efficiency Differentials for Apicultural Technologies in Nakaseke District, Uganda

By Kalule, Stephen W.; Ssebbale, Edrisa | The Journal of Developing Areas, Winter 2014 | Go to article overview

Financial Performance and Technical Efficiency Differentials for Apicultural Technologies in Nakaseke District, Uganda


Kalule, Stephen W., Ssebbale, Edrisa, The Journal of Developing Areas


(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

Apiculture, also known as bee keeping is a growing economic activity worldwide (Kabasa et al, 2003). In Nakaseke district, bee keeping has remained largely non-commercial with people practicing honey hunting. Recently, there have been interventions in Nakaseke from government programs, Non-Government Organization (NGOs) and other private service providers to promote commercial production of honey. These interventions have risen because of the increased demand and the uses of honey products. Apart from direct consumption of the honey, it is used for dressing of wounds, as anti - diarrhea drag, in alcoholic drink, tobacco curing, bakery and confectionery and in manufacturing of cosmetics using various products like bee wax, propolis, bee venom, and royal jelly (Fadare et al, 2007). Bee keeping, reportedly increases pollination of crops and government revenue through taxes, levies and foreign exchange (Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Tanzania (MNRT), 2004; Kihwele et al, 1999). It also gives local people and the government economic incentive for the retention of natural habitats, and is an ideal activity in any forest conservation program (Okoso-Amaa et al, 2004; Mwakatobe, 2001). Bee keeping also faces a number of constraints and these include: inappropriate management skills, prohibitive costs for equipments, pests and diseases, bush fires, inadequate forage materials, low productivity and lack of organized honey bee products' markets. Despite the constraints, the enterprise is potentially a large income earner.

Unfortunately, there has been little research attention paid to the apiculture as an economic activity which made it necessary to undertake a baseline survey in the Farm Income Enhancement Forest Conservation project (FIEFOC)2. Most research has concentrated on the technical aspects of bee keeping like bee diseases and productivity. Available economic studies have largely focused on analysis of socio - economic attributes of farmers involved in bee keeping with little or no empirical testing. These socio economic studies reveal little information on the performance of both traditional and improved apiculture technologies. Among these studies Ja'afar-Furo (2007), analyzed a sample of 160 respondents and found 46.25% would adopt apiculture as a sideline economic activity. Majority of the farmers in the study reported that the stinging propensity of bees was the major constraint to the adoption of apiculture in Adamawa state of Nigeria. Fadare et al. (2007) studied the performance of apiculture technologies in Niger Delta state of Nigeria and found that the average yield from modem technology was 12.35 kg while for the traditional, it was 6.72 kg per colony. The same study found the production costs of traditional technology to be 42% of the modem technology.

Empirical studies in the area of apiculture are still very few and these include: Kim et al. (2006) who studied the factors influencing the adoption of Russian Varroa - Resistant honey bees using a Logit model. The study found the factors associated with the adoption as sales, internet use, and contact with other beekeepers. The negatively associated factors were: age and the income of the household while future adoption depended upon previous use and perception of a technology. Ghorbani and Khajehroshanaee (2009) used a hedonic pricing model and showed that honey with wax was more expensive than the honey without it. Also honey in modem packaging and less sweet was more expensive than that in traditional ones even when sweeter. None of these studies addressed production elasticities and technical efficiency of apiculture technologies, an area preferred in the current study. Production elasticities in apiculture have been examined by Ja'afar-Furo et al. (2009) and Olarinde et al (2008). In additional, the Olarinde et al. study looked at technical efficiency. The former study examined the effects of bush burning and honey theft on overall production benefits and found bush burning and theft reduced total benefits in Adamawa State by 4. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Financial Performance and Technical Efficiency Differentials for Apicultural Technologies in Nakaseke District, Uganda
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.