The Causes of Reduction of the Role in Youth Management According to the Islamic Way among Muslim Leaders in the Three Southern Border Provinces

By Tahe, Hasbullah; Laeheem, Kasetchai | Asian Social Science, December 2013 | Go to article overview

The Causes of Reduction of the Role in Youth Management According to the Islamic Way among Muslim Leaders in the Three Southern Border Provinces


Tahe, Hasbullah, Laeheem, Kasetchai, Asian Social Science


Abstract

This study aimed to investigate causes that reduced the role in youth management according to the Islamic way among Muslim leaders in the three southern border provinces. The data were collected through holding a knowledge management stage for 36 representatives of youth leaders and 36 representatives of Muslim leaders, and in-depth interviews were conducted with 9 youth leaders, and 9 Muslim leaders. The data were analyzed using comparative logic of concepts, theories, research reports, and context based on grounded theory method.

The findings of this study revealed that important causes of Muslim leaders' inability to manage youth according to the Muslim way were that their inadequate qualifications, educational level, not understanding of their role and responsibilities according to Islamic principles. These affected cooperation and work among Muslim leaders, youths' parents, and related governmental and private organizations. Nevertheless, at present, there are neither organizations nor persons responsible for youth management according to the Islamic way officially and legally, and there is no concrete cooperation in doing it. Therefore, all related parties should seek ways to solve the said problems by designating appropriate strategies in order to increase Muslim leaders' potential so that they can look after youth efficiently.

Keywords: causes of reduction, youth management, Islamic way, Muslim leaders, three southern border provinces

1. Introduction

Thai Muslims have a unique way of life just like other Muslims all over the world. They have strictly adhered themselves to the Muslim way of life that has been passed down from the past according to that appearing in the great Koran and the exemplary life of the Prophet Muhammad through different types of training. However, the present world that is changing rapidly in all aspects has directly and indirectly affected the way of life of Thai Muslims. For example, parents have no time to closely train their children as in the past due to the poor economic condition. Youths pay no attention to religious activities as they pay more attention to activities presented through media with more exciting and fun content. At the same time, community leaders neglect problems concerning all vices and do not realize that they are problems and these problems have, thus, become commonplace. These incidents have caused Muslim youths to deviate from the correct way of life, and they cannot distinguish right from wrong, good from bad in accordance with their ages and qualifications. Instead, they allow themselves to have too much fun and entertainment that they become slaves of such values and technology that have flowed into the Muslim society and the influx is not easy to block (Annadwee, 2004). The Muslim way of life is made up of a unique worldview with a clear framework of relationships between humans and humans such as the designated roles among genders where males and females are not freely mingled, and the code of dress that is also assigned to them. However, some people in Muslim society nowadays do not strictly follow the way of life that is in line with the Islamic teachings because some of them lead their lives depending on beliefs and rituals that they imitate their preceding generations that go against religious teachings. For example, some Muslimah wear Hijab but show off their shape, have boyfriends, are drug-addicted, sexual deviant, do not pray, cannot read the Koran, etc. It seems that these problems have piled up day after day and keep going around in a circle with no way out (Laeheem & Baka, 2010). Muslim youths have behaviors that weaken their faith, for example, they commit sins and do taboos so regularly that these behaviors become habits and they do these without feeling ashamed and they can do sinful things openly. They pray roughly with their mind wandering away and without true contemplation or consideration the meaning of the Koran. …

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