The Latinization of Orlando: Language, Whiteness, and the Politics of Place

By Delerme, Simone | Centro Journal, Fall 2013 | Go to article overview

The Latinization of Orlando: Language, Whiteness, and the Politics of Place


Delerme, Simone, Centro Journal


abstract

Since the mid-1980s the Orlando-Kissimmee Metropolitan Statistical Area has experienced an influx of Puerto Rican migrants, which resulted in the Latinization of the region. But, how do non-Hispanic residents respond to demographic changes that impact their daily lives? I explore the "contact zones" where non-Hispanic whites encounter Hispanics, and confront the region's changing soundscape. I argue that Hispanic migration and the hyper-presence of the Spanish language leads to the articulation of language ideologies, the reaffirmation and strategic deployment of a white racial identity by non-Hispanic whites, and the racialization of Hispanics as non-white. Thus, theories and attitudes about difference are not only refined in these social spaces, but also provide an opportunity to understand the creation of white racial consciousness and the ways that language ideologies mediate racialization and Latinization processes. [Key words: Puerto Ricans, Orlando, Florida, language ideologies, racialization, whiteness, Spanish language]

"What is bilingual? Knowing 2 languages. Trilingual? Three languages.

Knowing only one language? = American."

latinfrommanhattan thursday, 6 jan. 2011, 12:01pm

on november 4, 2009 nberry7 posted an entry on city-data.com, a website that includes statistical data and conversational forums about different us cities, to inquire about the "pro's and con's" of relocating to kissimmee, fl, from kansas, to open a daycare. The user found some "very nice houses on the internet for cheap," but questioned, "is there a catch of why they are so cheap? Please tell me more?" Nberry7 received the following responses:

I wouldn't put my kids into Osceola schools. If you don't speak Spanish you'll have a hard time opening a day care in Kissimmee. Houses are cheap for a reason. The majority of Kissimmee and Poinciana are NOT a desirable place to live. annerk (Senior Member) 11-04-2009 Forget Kissimmee, I have been living here 25 years and if you don't speak Spanish, forget it . . . Kissimmee is a "no go" on my list, its going down hill. Don macauley 11-20-2009

I agree too, especially about the Spanish speaking part. I'd stay away from Kissimmee. It looks like a big carnival lining the streets. ComSense 11-21-2009

Have to agree with the "don' t move to Kissimmee" crowd . . . the area has run its course from good to bad. No area that is largely populated with migrants and illegals will see property values or the quality of schools increase. Areas that were once just average affordable "old Florida" neighborhoods in Kissimmee now have the appearance of "barrios." lifelongMOgal 11-28-2009

In the social spaces where language ideologies are articulated, racial meanings and ideas about difference and belonging in the United States are generated, shared, and refined.

These are some of the discourses that are circulating about new destinations of Hispanic migration in Central Florida. In June of 2010 I began fieldwork in Buenaventura Lakes (BVL), a suburb in Osceola County, and one of the largest Puerto Rican communities in the Orlando-Kissimmee Metropolitan Statistical Area. County officials describe Osceola County as "the gateway to Walt Disney World," due to the close proximity to Orlando's tourist destinations. As I began reviewing my fieldnotes after five months of research, an unanticipated theme emerged: the dominance of the Spanish language in public spaces, and the tensions this creates between ethnic and racial groups. As the online conversation reveals, the hyper-presence of the Spanish language has become a primary marker of difference and the basis for judgments about the worth and desirability of both people and places in Central Florida. This article explores how language use and language ideologies mediate the relationship between Latinization and racialization processes.

Relevant Theoretical Frameworks: Language Ideologies, Racialization, and Latinization

Language ideologies are the ideas, perceptions, and beliefs about the nature and usage of languages, and this article explores a few dimensions of language ideologizations as they relate to perceptions of the nature, identity, and character of Hispanic people; struggles for power; and the constructed separation between Spanish and English. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

The Latinization of Orlando: Language, Whiteness, and the Politics of Place
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.