The Effect of Cooperative Learning Based on Experts' Groups (Jigsaw 2) in the Direct and Postponed Achievements for Princess Rahma University College Students in English 99

By Al-ziadat, Eatdal Awwad; Alsaaideh, Maha Hamed et al. | International Journal of Education, July 1, 2013 | Go to article overview

The Effect of Cooperative Learning Based on Experts' Groups (Jigsaw 2) in the Direct and Postponed Achievements for Princess Rahma University College Students in English 99


Al-ziadat, Eatdal Awwad, Alsaaideh, Maha Hamed, Al-Elaimat, D-Abeer Rashed, International Journal of Education


Abstract

This study aims to know the effectiveness of using the Cooperative Learning based on Experts groups' method on Princess Rahma University College students' direct and postponed achievement in English 99 course compared with the traditional method. The study sample consists of 141 students males and females from Princess Rahma University College organised in four sections, two sections were chosen randomly from the four sections to form the experimental two sections and their number was 75 students males and females taught by (Jigsaw 2) and the controlled group was 66 students males and females taught by the traditional way. The instruments of the study contains pre-cognitive test for assuring the equality between the two groups, and an achievement test whose validity and reliability was assured, and the results showed that there were statistically significant differences (a=0.01) between the controlled and experimental groups in achievements due to (Jigsaw 2) method which were in favour of the experimental group. Also, the results showed that there were no statistical differences due to gender or the interaction between gender and teaching method variants. The study has a number of relevant recommendations.

Keywords: Jigsaw 2; Direct and postponed achievement; English 99 course; Princess Rahma University College students

1. Introduction

The current educational system calls for the most effective interactive education based upon dialogues that stand on thinking and interactions within learning not on rote learning that's traditional. So we tend to the creative, practical, logical critical education. In order to achieve this education, educational institutions should prepare a generation of teachers who are creative and effective through applying current educational roles based on students as they play the most important roles in the learning process. So teachers should acquire theses roles such as guides, supervisors, counselors, facilitators, examiners...etc. So the educational process becomes more effective and based on democracy and flexibility (Al Ghbari 2000, Ghaith, Al Ghalgeli 2004)

Educators started reforming the effectiveness of teaching methods and the strategies used in schools as a reaction for what has happened in the recent years in the field of education, teaching, learning, learners and what we call the elements of the educational process in terms of the increasing numbers of learners and the changes that are imposed by globalism through the current educational perspective such as moving from concerning on teachers to concerning on learners since they are considered to be individuals not numbers among groups of learners ( Al Helah, 2002). This is all for getting higher achievements for learners since achievement includes acquiring knowledge, emotions, thinking processes also it includes attitudes, values, skills that are all factors for forming individual's personality. (Al Kur 2003, Al Helah 2005).

So, a search for specific teaching strategies that makes the student more effective in the little village we live in or developing familiar strategies to be more effective. Cooperative learning means dividing students into groups and sub-groups then asking them to do an activity or a task in a comfortable climate that increases their motivation to work (Bane Arshid 2002). Cooperative learning is one of the most effective technology of teaching that is brought by the educational process in which researchers prove its positive effect on students' achievement. (Gaith,2003 Cooper, et. al, 1999). The previous concept isn't new for educators since they used group learning as one of their various learning activities from time to time but the problem is that most members of the group depend on one or two students for doing the work. But in cooperative learning teachers use an organisational system in which each individual in the group participates in the task and does it effectively (Al Galgeli, 2004)

In order to make cooperative learning really effective it should contain five basic principles in the groups' learning as mentioned by (Al Helah 2002, Cooper, et. …

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