A Comprehensive Survey on Participation of China's Social Organizations in Community Governance in Recent Years

By Tan, Zhouqin; Ou, Shuyang | Asian Social Science, February 2014 | Go to article overview

A Comprehensive Survey on Participation of China's Social Organizations in Community Governance in Recent Years


Tan, Zhouqin, Ou, Shuyang, Asian Social Science


Abstract

Social organizations is one of the important forces in our community governance, it has played a very important role in solving the difficulties in social management, promoting and enhancing the level of community governance. This paper collates and summarizes the related literatures on participation of China's social organizations in community governance in recent years from the following two dimensions: government and social organizations. On this basis, the author analyzes the features of current researches, and then put forward the directions of future research.

Keywords: social organizations, community governance, comprehensive survey

1. Introduction

Since the conducting of reform and opening-up policy, social organizations have grown quickly in our country, and are playing a more and more important role in the economy, society, culture and other fields. It has become a common academic concern that how can social organizations participate in community governance effectively and undertake the social management functions transferred from governments and enterprises better. Through a comprehensive study on the recent researches, we can generalize them from the following two basic perspectives: one is the government; the other is the social organizations. We can roughly draw the outline of theoretical researches on participation of China's social organizations in community governance in recent years from a comprehensive survey on relevant research achievements from the above two perspectives.

2. Researches on Participation of China's Social Organizations in Community Governance from the Perspective of Government

In recent years, studies about participation of China's social organizations in community governance from the government perspective have been mainly focused on the establishment and improvement of a relevant legal system, the improvement of relationship between government and social organizations, the classification management of social organizations, the innovation of social organizations registration and management system, the construction of network of social democratic and equality, the strengthening of the training efforts to social organizations, the transformation of government functions, and the increase of government's efforts to purchase public service.

2.1 Researches about the Improvement of Relevant Legal System

A sound law system is one of the indemnifications and basic conditions for social organizations to participate in community governance. Li Xiaochen (2011) believes that we should develop a basic legislation to define the fundamental problems met by non-governmental organizations when participating in community governance, and to provide a legal basis for them to participate in community governance. From the perspective of pluralistic governance, Zhou Yaohong (2010) proposes that the relevant rules and regulations should be strengthened to guarantee the rights of social organizations while participating in the management of public service affairs.

2.2 Researches on the Improvement of the Relationship between Government and Social Organizations

Xiao Fei (2011) proposes that government must change its concepts of governance, treat social organizations as partners, and work together with it to promote the innovation and reform of community governance. In order to innovate the path for social organizations to participate in community governance, Gao Hong (2011) puts forward that government should recognize not only the existence of social organization, but also its essential functions in community governance. Besides, the government should change the traditional government-controlled management model, and strengthen its efforts to cultivate social organizations.

2.3 Researches about the Classification Management of Social Organizations

Jie Qingyan (2012) proposes a three-tier classification method: firstly, we can divide social organizations into public welfare social organizations and mutually beneficial social organizations by whether you need to pay for the service or not; secondly, according to the area they belong to, the public welfare social organizations can be divided into voluntary obligations organizations, class charity organizations and social welfare organizations, the mutually beneficial social organizations can be classified as community service organizations, science and education organizations, product and economic organizations. …

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