Territorial Profiles of Quality of Life in Romania
Sfetcu, Lucian, Journal of Community Positive Practices
TERRITORIAL PROFILES OF QUALITY OF LIFE IN ROMANIA Coordinator: Ioan MARGINEAN Authors: Ra~uca POPESCU, Ana Maria PREOTEASA, Flavius MIHALACHE, Gabriela NEAGU, Laura TUFA; Bucharest: Expert Publisher, 2013
The book "Territorial profiles of quality of life in Romania" (Romanian Academy Press, Bucharest, 2013), coordinated by Professor Doctor Ioan Marginean, deputy director of the Institute for Quality of Life Research is the result of the endeavour of a team of researchers which undertook to make a complex analysis of the territorial profiles of quality of life. This work capitalised on the high and sustainable expertise of the team coordinated by Professor Ioan Marginean (Raluca Popescu, Ana Maria Preoteasa, Flavius Mihalache, Gabriela Neagu, Laura Tufa), each of the authors having a wealth of experience in the specific topic approached in this book.
The analysis reveals specific aspects of the quality of life within the different regions of development, in different residential areas and according to the large regions/provinces of Romania. The limited presentation of some county profiles is justified by the low representativeness of the data collected in the field, which prompted a particular level of the territorial analysis.
This book was drawn up within the context of the recent debates on regionalisation in Romania; it is certainly desirable to develop multifunctional entities, as argued by complex criteria. Another coordinate is revealed by the intention to join the international process of accomplishing the developmental goals of the Millennium Declaration adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2000.
Within the concept of quality of life diagnosis (DVC), the operationalization using 25 primary dimensions (p. 14) may suggest an optimal pattern organised according to three levels of generality: individual (health state, family relations, incomes, dwelling and work); community (local administration, community services and relations between people within the society) and societal (governance of the country, political life, general social services, conditions of life in Romania) (p. 14). It is important to highlight that "due to the strong independency of DCV indicators, they do not make up for each other" (p. 14).
The book consists of 7 chapters, two of them providing general and comparative data on the quality of life and performance of Romania in the field of human development (Ioan Marginean, Chapters 1 and 7); the other chapters reflect subjects related to the family (Raluca Popescu, Chapter 2), level of socio-economic development of the rural areas from Romania (Flavius Mihalache, Chapter 3), relation between the educational offer and the demand from the labour market from Romania (Gabriela Neagu, Chapter 4), atypical occupation (Ana Maria Preoteasa, Chapter 5) and the benefits of the daily use of the Internet (Laura Tufa, Chapter 6).
Chapter 1, "Territorial profiles of the quality of life at national and regional level" presents analyses that use data available up to June 2010, making comparisons with November 1999 (the last year of the first decade of transition), concluding that a new survey is necessary which to reveal the changes in the quality of life of the population during the period of crisis (p. 22). The applied methodology refers to 53 indicators which form a special category regarding the perceived quality of life (evaluations, perceptions and subjective health state) (p. 24), for two years, 1999 and 2000. The conclusion is that the quality of life definitely improved in 2000-2008 due to the economic circumstances, while the difficulties which started in 2009 influenced adversely the conditions of life of the population (p. 47). The analysis brings additional information on the territorial profiles, but the quality of life topic remains open (p. 49).
Chapter 2, "Family in the life of Romanians" analyses comparatively the quality of the family life in Romania using data from the "Quality of Life Diagnosis" and from the "European Quality of Life Survey". …