Obstacles of E-Learning in the Jordanian Secondary Schools from the Perspective of the Teachers in Amman Fifth Directorate of Education

By Sleihat, Malloh Mfadi Bartakat; Attiat, Madher M. | International Journal of Education, October 1, 2013 | Go to article overview

Obstacles of E-Learning in the Jordanian Secondary Schools from the Perspective of the Teachers in Amman Fifth Directorate of Education


Sleihat, Malloh Mfadi Bartakat, Attiat, Madher M., International Journal of Education


Abstract

This study aimed to reveal the obstacles in using e-learning in the curriculum of the Jordanian ministry of education on the electronic website of the ministry from the teachers of secondary level through answering the following two questions:

1. What are the obstacles of e-learning in the Ministry of education in Jordan from the perspective of the teachers of the secondary level?

2. Are there significant differences at the level of significant (a=0.05) attributed the variables; sex, specialization and experience?

And to achieve the objectives of the study, a random sample consisted of 201 teachers of the secondary level was selected and a questionnaire which consisted of 30 items was developed and its validity and reliability were achieved. The results of the study indicated that the field of technical and administrative came in first rank with a moderated level while the field of obstacles regarding the teacher came in the second rank with a moderate level. And the technical and the administrative obstacles varied according to variables: sex, specialization in favor to the females and the scientific subjects respectively whereas there was no significance to the experience variable. So based on these results, the study recommended the necessity of overcoming the obstacles facing e-learning which this study and others revealed and working on developing the infrastructure that supported using e-learning.

Keywords: e-learning; education; secondary schools

1. Introduction & Theoretical Background

The scientific, informatics and technological revolution has produced many educational, cultural, scientific, political and economic challenges. And because of these challenges, there was a need to reform the educational system within its inputs, operations and outcomes to face these challenges so it was obligatory for the educational system to pay much attention to its human inputs and prepare them to be qualified to use the computer.

And the computers have played an important role in education sector; they are used in all the levels of education starting from preparing and implementing the lessons till preparing the exams, evaluating the students and analyzing their results. The World Wide Web is considered one of the basic component in the field of education in all its different levels. And the number of the schools which use the computers and Internet in the processes of teaching and learning increases. And, this use is not any more considered a luxury, but it becomes a necessity imposed by the technological developments, which become able to reform the education's system and its institutions of what it presents of new teaching and learning strategies, evaluation, presenting knowledge and new methods in the educational system's administration (Khan, 2005).

The educational system invested this development and progress by establishing an integrated learning system, that depends on this technology, known by Electronic learning which becomes a necessity to provide the learners with the required skills of the future .E-learning is considered one of the modern attitudes of education's system and many terms are used to refer to the e-learning as: Online Learning, (Electronic Education), Virtual Learning and (Web Based Learning) (Salem, 2006).

The researches do not agree on a specific definition of e-learning especially with the existence of other terms that have overlapping in between as distance learning, Open learning, Virtual Learning and Flexible learning. Mosa & Mobarak(2005) defined e-learning as a method of learning using modern communication mechanisms as sound, image, search engines, e-libraries, Internet either this was inside the classroom or online. And Khan (2005)defined e-learning as a creative method used to present an interactive environment which is learners' centered, designed well and easy to be used for learning to any one , in anytime and in anywhere by using internet resources that commensurate with the learning environment. …

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