Information and Communication Technology as Teaching and Learning Space for Teachers of English Language in Schools
Akele, Folasade Esther, Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies
The pragmatic approach of technology to teaching and learning problems has brought a great relief to pedagogy. Through the use of modern technology, teaching and learning processes are easier, efficacious, real, applicable to practical situations, relevant to life, retentive, and simplified, but cannot replace the role played by teachers. This study is a descriptive research of the survey type. It is an appraisal of the teaching of English language in Ado-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria. The sample used for this paper consisted of forty English language teachers randomly selected from seven secondary schools in Ado-Ekiti. A simple random sampling technique and self- structured validated questionnaire were used for the study. The purpose of this study is to examine the necessity of ICT and emphasize its importance as teaching and learning space in the contemporary digitalised day to day teaching of English language in schools. To this end, the immense merits of utilizing ICT as a supplement to teaching and learning would be enunciated. From this study, all and sundry would know the usefulness of ICT as teaching and learning space and the reason why the integration of ICT into teaching and learning is ineluctable. Through this research, English teachers would take cognizance of other effective and efficient means of teaching, to which ICT belong besides the traditional method and they would know the consequences of being computer illiterates in this highly competitive world of technology. This paper shows the results, discussions, and recommendations.
Keywords: information and communication technology (ICT), english language teaching, teaching and learning space, ICT teaching tools, pedagogical methods, social software
ICT is one of the globally acknowledged learning and teaching space today as well as one of the key propellants of globalisation. Development in ICT has vastly transformed every sphere of life and permeated all human actions and endeavours. The fusion of technology and science result in ICT which is useful in services and applications such as in e-commerce, e-transaction, e-governance, e-health, e-learning, e- business and e-banking, etc.
Njamanze (2010) opines that technological innovations have gone hand in hand with the growth of language teaching especially English. With the aid of technological advancement, resounding improvement has been recorded in the manner in which teachers learn, communicate and discharge their duties. ICT has offered the English language teachers the opportunity to leapfrog the archaic and parochial chalk and talk method to modern ways of teaching. Korkut (2012) explains that the use of ICT in language learning not only involves pedagogical changes for teachers, but also involves environmental and pedagogical changes for learners who are traditionally used to face-to-face teaching in classrooms. The recent upsurge of some technologies in teaching and learning has salvaged learners from the quagmire of peremptory teachings; they can confirm whatever they were taught, practise repeatedly what they have learnt and determine the pace at which they learn. ICT and new technologies can help development in learning of individual skills of learners that may seem more difficult with traditional and conventional method (Pour, 2013)
The growth of the Internet has contributed to the growth of the English language and this has occurred at a time when computers are not no longer the exclusive domains of the dedicated few, but rather available to many (Madhavaiah, et.al, 2013) It is through this language that most countries majorly spread their arts, beliefs, culture, sciences, make their findings, inventions, innovations, and expeditions. It is a language of wider communication used for several purposes and by different people. English language keeps growing as it accommodates new vocabularies, as old words phase out, new words are added. …