Model of English Teaching for Future Employees in China's Petroleum Production Industry
Guo, Min, Zhong, Qun, Studies in Literature and Language
Model of English teaching in non-native English speaking countries is very important in English Education, especially in the discipline of teaching English as a second language. Therefore English teaching design requires more specificity, especially for special purposes such as teaching English for industrial workers. Experience indicates that the "1+1 model" (one year for acquiring basic knowledge plus one year for site training and practices in oil fields) is an effective approach for teaching future oil field workers. The model follows four basic principles: establishing a target, cultivating standards, designing and following a process, and effective evaluation. Additionally, cooperative teaching and effective learning are encouraged in this model. Transitioning to the "1+1 model" requires not only a change in teaching methods or means, but also a philosophical shift in the concept of English instruction, that is, a move toward the realization of a "student-centered" approach, emphasizing self-study and the acquisition of practical skills. The method we used includes experimental method and interview. The result indicates that English teaching "1+1 model" can supply more qualified future employees for the petroleum production industry.
Key words: Petroleum production industry; Future employees; English teaching model
Model of English teaching has been discussing for many years, especially in non-native English speaking countries. The traditional model of English teaching in classroom with teaching materials was popular in 1980s. And it was kind of test-oriented English education. AS the time being, the high-score-low-ability-students are no longer welcomed by the factories or companies, it is urgent to change the situation. On the purpose of educating more qualified students, we did a two-year-experiment and try to testify this "1+1 model". The "1+1 model" means a two-year college English study; in which the first year is designed for acquiring basic knowledge, the teaching form being mainly classroom teaching and the second year designed for site training and practices in oil fields. It follows four basic principles: establishing a target, cultivating standards, designing and following a process, and effective evaluation.
1. LITERATURE REVIEW
1.1 Definition of Models
A model is an example of the target language a teacher shows learners to help them notice language patterns, or to encourage them to imitate. This could be a sentence, a model of an intonation pattern, or an entire text, such as an example of a writing genre (Plagiarism, http:// www.teachingenglish.org.uk/knowledge-database/ model). A model of teaching is a description of a learning environment, including our behavior. These models have many uses, ranging from planning lessons and curriculums to designing instructional materials, including multimedia programs (Joyce, Weil, & Calhoun, 2005, p.25).
The model here means a two-year college English study; in which the first year is designed for acquiring basic knowledge, mainly with the form of classroom teaching and the second year designed for site training and practices in oil fields. The model observes four basic principles: establishing a target, cultivating standards, designing and following a process, and effective evaluation. Additionally, cooperative teaching and effective learning are encouraged in this model.
1.2 Some Teaching Models in Other Countries
1.2.1 The Australia's Technical and Further Education (TAFE)
Australia's technical and further education (TAFE) system, which offers a wide range of courses providing education and training for employment at the operative, trade, and paraprofessional levels, as well as general education and literacy programs (Gillian, 2001). Individual TAFE institutions (usually with many campuses) are known as either colleges or institutes, depending on the state or territory. TAFE colleges are owned, operated and financed by the various State and Territory Governments. …