Status and Causes of Chinese Migrant Workers' Crimes

By Zhang, Dejun | Asian Social Science, May 2014 | Go to article overview

Status and Causes of Chinese Migrant Workers' Crimes


Zhang, Dejun, Asian Social Science


Abstract

In this paper, by means of investigation and analysis of criminal situation and basic characteristics of crimes committed by Chinese migrant workers, we try to reveal the social and individual causes of Chinese migrant workers' crimes as follows: the differences between urban and rural areas demonstrated by the social system defects; oppressive management and rights discrimination; abnormality of personality to the path of crime shaped by their very miserable fate which were caused by social discrimination. At last we attempt to, by using the related sociological and psychological theories, give interpretation of the reasons why migrant workers commit crimes.

Keywords: Chinese migrant worker, crime, rural traditional culture, social discrimination, causes

1. Introduction

Generally speaking, Chinese migrant workers refer to the workers providing labor for factories and construction sites and for the long term goals of transforming China from a rural-based economy to an urban-based one. As the product of unique urban-rural dual system in China, they are a special group of Chinese society arising in a special period. The migrant workers came from rural areas, but are employed to be engaged in non-agricultural occupations, which their incomes are mainly from, while they are still agricultural registered permanent residents. In 2011, China's total migrant workers reached 252.78 million, an increase of more 10.55 million people, up 4.4% over the previous year; workers migrated with the families were about 32.79 million, an increase of more 2.08 million, up 6.8% over the previous year.

With ever-growing migrant workers, crimes committed by them have been the increasing concern, and become a very serious problem that affects social stability. Thus it will have positive impacts on the migrant workers themselves and the stability of the society to pay close attention on and try to solve their crime problems. Based on related statistics of the judicial authorities and prison administration sections in Shandong Province, combining with interviews and field observations, we tried to conduct a preliminary analysis of the status and causes of the migrant workers' crime.

This paper mainly studies three closely related problems: criminal situation of Chinese migrant workers; basic characteristics of crime; causes of migrant workers' crimes. Investigation of migrant workers' criminal situation makes people understand the severity of their crimes and draws the government' attention. Analysis of the characteristics of migrant workers' crimes is to provide direct support for revealing the causes. The research methods used are as follows: empirical analysis - collection and reference of data on migrant workers' crimes in recent years; systematic research - comprehensive analysis from the characteristics of crimes to the underlying causes; theoretical analysis - interpretation of the related problems based on sociological and psychological theories.

2. Analysis of Crime Status of Migrant Workers

Crime is the result of interaction between perpetrator's physical condition and social environment. So is the crime committed by migrant workers. Since China's reform and opening up, a large number of migrant workers sprang up by the joint actions of rural economic reform and urbanization. Migrant workers are in a transitional phase in transitional China with the deepening of the market economy system construction. Migrant workers crime is no longer in a decentralized, irregular state under the dual transformation, but showing features of mass participation and regularity. So we can see that the crime of migrant workers in China has evolved from individual behaviors as group behaviors.

Migrant workers' crime is becoming increasingly serious social problem. According to the collective information of crime investigated, migrant workers' crimes accounted for about 10% of all crimes around 2002, and there was an annual increase of 3-5%, until recent years to about 40%, even more than 50% in some areas. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Status and Causes of Chinese Migrant Workers' Crimes
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.