Social Rights of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in the Eu

By Ljungholm, Doina Popescu | Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, January 1, 2014 | Go to article overview

Social Rights of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in the Eu


Ljungholm, Doina Popescu, Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations


ABSTRACT. The aim of the present study is to examine and evaluate EU cooperation on asylum and migration matters, the internationally guaranteed rights of refugees, and the perception of refugees as a public good. The theory that we shall seek to elaborate here puts considerable emphasis on the morality of refugee quota trading, the role of social connection in enabling integration, and the experience of migrants in the EU labour markets.

Keywords: social right; asylum seeker; refugee; EU

1. Introduction

Over the past decade, there has been increasing evidence describing the development of EU integration in asylum matters, the patterns of burden sharing within the EU, and refugee burden sharing. The paper generates insights about the development of EU cooperation on asylum matters, aspects of the reception of asylum-seekers in the EU Member States, and the shaping of EU and ENP policies towards refugees.

2. Aspects of the Reception of Asylum-seekers in the EU Member States

Rational states may not be incentivized to absorb refugees as part of a voluntary quota trading scheme (states are incentivized to accept payments for refugee protection or are willing to pay other states for refugee protection). Refugee quota trading might be considered unethical even if it succeeds in protecting refugees. International law sets the general standards for asylum processing (Nica, 2013c) within the EU. Member states can voluntarily agree to accept refugees who have received refugee status from the UNHCR. Different countries offer various levels of assistance to ref- ugees. Funds for EU countries may not be enough to encourage voluntary acceptance of asylum-seekers. States view accepting refugees as a burden, making them vulnerable to deportations. Cash transfers play some role in refugee policy, as refugee protection creates non-excludable benefits for states and non-rival benefits. Many EU states are not interested in receiving a significant number of refugees in the near future. (Gerver, 2013)

Harmonization aims to avoid refugee flows between EU Member States based solely on differing levels of protection: regional harmonization of refugee law must take place within the framework of international norms. EU citizens who are refugees must be able to have their claims assessed on the basis of international law. Obligations assumed under international human rights and refugee law must not be abrogated for "regional interest" reasons. Western States affirm the principle of asylum while devising mechanisms to prevent asylum seekers from entering their territories. Member States have devised interception and deflection strategies to prevent asylum seekers from reaching their territories, and should not retreat behind a corporate veil to pursue policies which are at odds with international refugee law. International protection is a legal duty grounded in States' obligations under international human rights and refugee law. UNHCR and the Council of Europe have a mandate to protect refugees and human rights. Those affected by the EU's restricted asylum laws tend to be affected by the limitations on freedom of movement. (McAdam, 2007)

A lower labour participation of migrant women (Bratu, 2013), higher unemployment rates (Nica, 2013a), and a high concentration in disadvantaged employment sectors and low-pay jobs can be found in most EU labour markets (labour migration policies generally focus on "economic migrants"). Cross-country differences in migration regimes may explain differences in immigrant labour market outcomes. Migration policies shape migrant patterns of labour market incorporation across the EU, influence the size and attributes of the migrant workforce relative to the jobs in demand in the economy, and tend to affect the migrant experience in the host labour market by regulating access to the labour market of the different categories of non-national workers. The socio-demographic background and other observable attributes (Georgescu, 2010) explain a part of immigrant participation and employment differentials. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Social Rights of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in the Eu
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.