Innovative Methods of Teaching English Language to School Students Using Teaching Aids

By Patel, Chirag M. | IUP Journal of English Studies, March 2014 | Go to article overview

Innovative Methods of Teaching English Language to School Students Using Teaching Aids


Patel, Chirag M., IUP Journal of English Studies


Introduction

Language, which has been considered man's most remarkable achievement, is so much a part of our lives, like the air we breathe, that very often we take it for granted and as often are not aware of its characteristic features. There are many things about language that are still a mystery and will probably remain so. However, there are aspects we do know. The past several decades have seen tremendous developments in linguistics offering a description of its basic characteristics. Language is a system. It is not a random collection of items. Patterning is all important. Each language has its own structure, its own system. It has its own unique way of organizing its units into an internal structure.

Teaching Aids

Teaching aids reinforce the spoken or written words with concrete images and thus provide rich perceptual images which are the bases to learning. When these materials are used in an interrelated way, they make learning permanent. They provide for a great variety of methods. They bring the outside world into the classroom and make us teach efficiently. In order to derive the advantages of using teaching aids, a teacher needs the knowledge of different types of teaching aids available, their place in the teaching-learning process and the methods of their evaluation. Teaching aids supplement the efforts of the teacher and they do not supplant him. The aids alone cannot accomplish the task of education and the teacher always remains the main pivot of all teaching. While using teaching aids, the teacher should be clear about the objects of instruction and thus make the right use of the right material at the right place and at the right time.

Advantages of Using Teaching Aids

* Adds interest, involvement and brings the world into the classroom;

* Makes learning permanent;

* Develops greater understanding;

* Stimulates self-activity;

* Fosters continuity of thought;

* Makes teaching effective;

* Helps in overcoming language barriers; and

* Provides a great variety of methods.

Classification of Teaching Aids

All teaching aids can be classified as under:

* Audio-Visual Aids: Language Laboratory, Smart Board, Television, LCD Projector, Sound Motion Picture, Record Player, Tape Recorder, Compact Disc Player.

* Visual-Activity Aids: Pictures, Photographs, Flash Cards, Poster, Charts, Diagrams, Graphs, Maps, Cartoons, Demonstration Programs.

Audio-Visual Aids

In modern teaching trends, it is advisable for every school to have audio-visual aids at secondary and higher secondary level for teaching and learning. It includes language lab and smart board with a variety of audio and video materials.

The Language Laboratory

Technological aids in language teaching are a major force today, and among these aids, the language laboratory occupies the most prominent place. The language laboratory is very useful for assessing students' speech. It provides students with the technical tools to get the best samples of pronunciation of the language. The electronic devices used in the laboratory will stimulate the eyes and ears of the learner to acquire the language quickly and easily. The laboratory's collection is designed to assist learners in the acquisition and maintenance of aural comprehension, oral proficiency, and cultural awareness. The language laboratory offers broadcasting, television programs, web-assisted materials and videotaped off-air recordings in the target language-English.

Advantages of the Curriculum of Language Laboratory

* Avoids the monotony of theory classes.

* Language lab develops phonetic and spoken English skills with RP (Received Pronunciation) among the students.

* Develops the technique of accent, speaking with clear syllable division.

* Enables the students' spoken skills with proper stress and intonation.

* Develops students' abilities in making the conversation and dialogs, and in participating in role-play activities. …

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