Classroom Management: A Tool for Achieving Quality Secondary School Education in Nigeria

By Osakwe, Regina N. | International Journal of Education, April 1, 2014 | Go to article overview

Classroom Management: A Tool for Achieving Quality Secondary School Education in Nigeria


Osakwe, Regina N., International Journal of Education


Abstract

This paper has highlighted the theoretical perspective of classroom management with regards to its concept, problems and roles of the classroom teacher in achieving a good learning atmosphere for quality secondary education. It also looked at the procedure of dealing with classroom management problems based on the three theoretical approaches of classroom management namely: the non-interventionist, the interventionist, and the interactionist. Finally, the paper recommends the techniques for promoting good classroom management for quality education to include: having leadership and management that will provide direction, planning, supervision, co-operation and co-ordination of teaching-learning process; teachers should have a positive role model; and there should be proper application of instructional materials and comfortable sitting arrangements to facilitate learning.

Keywords: teaching-learning process, classroom management, secondary schools, discipline, quality education

1. Introduction

Secondary school level is the bridge between the primary and tertiary levels. The importance of secondary education is geared towards providing all primary school leavers with the opportunity for education of a higher level irrespective of sex, social status, religious or ethnic background; offer diversified curriculum to cater for the differences in talents, opportunities and future roles; provide trained manpower in the applied science, technology and commerce at sub-professional grades; develop and promote Nigerian languages, art and culture in the context of world's cultural heritage; inspire students with a desire for self improvement and achievement of excellence; foster National unity with an emphasis on the common ties that unite us in our diversity; raise a generation of people who can think for themselves, respect the views and feelings of others, respect the dignity of labor, appreciate those values specified under our broad national goals and live as good citizens; and provide technical knowledge and vocational skills necessary for agricultural, industrial, commercial and economic development (FRN, 2004).The underline principle here is that the secondary schools should be able to provide quality, secondary education to all those who can benefit from it. The realization of these aims and objectives hinges in many variables such as good classroom management, adequate teachers, availability and adequate utilization of teaching and learning materials, infrastructural/physical facilities and school inspection and supervision.

Quality education has significant impact and useful contribution to the area of human development, therefore secondary school students have right to receive an education of good quality which is associated with different academic and institutional factors. Researchers such as Mobegi, Ondigi and Oburu (2010), Digolo (2003) and Eshiwani (1993) suggested that a number of factors contribute to the establishment of quality education in secondary schools. They observed that the maintenance of factors such as curriculum, instructional materials, equipment, classroom/school management, supervision, teacher training and competencies of teachers are some of the indicators of quality education. Quality education is that education given to secondary school students in order to develop their cognitive, affective and psychomotor abilities and skills, and grow in school environments that are supportive and challenging which nurture them to become confident, have good self-esteem and willing to strive forward yet at the same time feel a sense of responsibility towards others in the society.

Despite the efforts to provide quality education, the secondary school system continues to face challenges that could compromise the quality of education provided. One of such challenges is poor classroom management. The quality of classroom management in our secondary school system appears below the expected standard because of infrastructural and human capital inadequacies. …

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