Sodium Intake in the United States Is Still Too High

Nutrition Health Review, January 1, 2014 | Go to article overview

Sodium Intake in the United States Is Still Too High


More than 90 percent of adolescents and adults consume more than the recommended amount of sodium daily, which puts them at a higher risk of hypertension (high blood pressure).

As defined by The Institute of Medicine, excess sodium intake is more than 1,500 milligrams (mg.) daily for children ages 1 to 3, 1,900 mg. daily for children 4 to 8 years of age, 2,200 mg. a day for those 9 to 13, and 2,300 mg. a day for teenagers and adults.

Using the data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), researchers studied the usual amounts of sodium consumed by 34,916 participants between 2003 and 2010. The analysis showed that during the 2007-2010 cycle, about 80 percent of children ages 1 to 3, as well 90 percent of residents in the United States ages 4 years of age or older, consumed too much sodium each day. Between 2003 and 2006, the prevalence of sodium consumption decreased among children ages 1 to 13 and has steadily decreased since; however, this pattern was not seen in adults. …

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