Hanfu Elements in Modern Fashion Design and Innovation

By Hu, Shaoying | Asian Social Science, July 2014 | Go to article overview

Hanfu Elements in Modern Fashion Design and Innovation


Hu, Shaoying, Asian Social Science


Abstract

Combining with Chinese traditional Han costumes and modern fashion, this paper expounds the relationship from the aspects of fashion styles, garment structure, patterns, fabrics, etc. And with different concrete examples, every aspect was made a detail analysis to discuss how Hanfu elements are used in modern fashion design, and we may come to a conclusion that traditional Chinese costume culture is an important source of modern fashion design. Accordingly, we carried on a research on modern fashion design, with having important cultural inheritance value and design significance for modern dress.

Keywords: Han costume, elements, modern fashion design, features

1. Introduction

Hanfu, also known as "Hanzhuang" or "Huafu", is namely national costume of Han Chinese people. The concept of Hanfu is distinguished from the broader concept of traditional Chinese clothing. The ancient Chinese called Hanfu as Yiguan. As the ancient Hu people's traditional costume to be known as "Hufu", the Han Chinese traditional dress is referred to as "Hanfu". The succession of Hanfu elements in fashion is called as the fashion localization with Hanfu elements, also known as modern Han-style fashion. To the western fashion, the Han fashion is a kind of charm of Chinese culture to shape fashion. Han fashion does not belong to the types of Hanfu in essence, and it is free creation with no fixed specification requirements, through retaining the verve of Hanfu and drawing lessons from Hanfu characteristics.

Today we talk about Hanfu, which is not to copy Hanfu original elements, or prefer Han costumes with narrow nationalism to the modern clothing. And not only does cultural revivalism and nationalism be no market ; but also we should realize that under the background of modern dress, which is in the emphasis on humanity, diversified, utilitarianism and so on, it is our aim to find the breakthrough and innovations of modern fashion design from thousands of years of spread characteristics of Hanfu.

2. Style Elements

2.1 History and Development

Hanfu,which is said to have been worn by Yellow Emperor, has a history of several millennia. In fact, its commonly assumed that beginnings are in Xia dynasty, from which to Zhou dynasty, the style "upper and lower garment" became the most popular clothing in China. The difference is that the coat has narrow sleeves in Xia and Shang dynasty, but more wide and loose since the Zhou dynasty.

In the Eastern Zhou dynasty, one-piece upper and lower garment appeared, which was up and down connected, and this outfit style represented a new fashion innovation upon the "upper and lower garment" design, which was well known as "Shenyi" and the second ancient of the Chinese dress. Since that time, they have become two basic shapes, and two shapes in China's history of several thousand years are cross - use, and compatible, which have became lots of kinds of styles such as robe, coat, Ru skirts, Beizi, Bijia, cape, scarf, horse-face skirt etc. As a matter of fact, we can make a conclusion about style characteristics as table 1.

All in all, a complete Hanfu garment consists of several pieces of clothing into attire: Yi, Ru, Shan, Qun. Since the Qing dynasty, pants or trousers, called as Ku, and coats named Pao had turned up, which were invovled in Hanfu Components.

2.2 Modern and Fashionable

From Tab.1 and Hanfu actual styles, it is not hard to find there are many superiorities, and for example they wear loose, comfortable whether in summer or winter, and warm in winter and cool in summer. What is more, it represents Chinese traditional history culture, when you wear them.

Therefore, there are many style elements and concepts used in modern fashion or clothes. Actually, the modern skirts are similar to "Shang" in Hanfu, let alone coats, trousers, dress, etc, in nowadays, which are all found basic styles from Hanfu styles. It tells that there is a certain kind of connection between Hanfu and modern fashion concepts. …

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