Starting with the Recipes: Evaluation Process of Selecting Recipes Targeting Rural Southern Older Adults

By Fraser, Angela; Henderson, Amanda et al. | Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences, Winter 2014 | Go to article overview

Starting with the Recipes: Evaluation Process of Selecting Recipes Targeting Rural Southern Older Adults


Fraser, Angela, Henderson, Amanda, Sturgis, Roman, Zeller, Matthew, Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences


High-quality nutrition education can extend quality of life, reduce suffering, and delay potential strains to the healthcare system (Kamp, 2010). Good nutrition is strongly associated with positive health outcomes and is an effective intervention for treating heart disease, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes (Fishman, 1996). Regardless of nutrition practices, age-related factors such as decreased appetite, use of medications, and changes in metabolism influence dietary health (Wunderlich, McKinnon, Piemonte, & Ahmad, 2009). Therefore, education that leads to positive behavior modification can play an important role because older adults must adapt their changing nutritional needs to the aging process (Higgins & Barkley, 2003). A welldesigned nutrition education program can motivate participants to improve dietary practices by making healthy food choices that address lifestyle and financial resources (Higgins & Barkley, 2004). With many older adults living on a fixed-income, the cost of implementing recommended practices is an important factor for educators to consider when developing and delivering a program to older adults (O'Brien, Wu, & Baer, 2010).

The aim of this project was to choose appropriate recipes for rural, limited-income older adults in South Carolina to use in Cooking Healthy, Eating Smart (CHES), a nine-lesson curriculum developed by our research team and offered by Clemson University Extension agents through a USDA grant. Testing and choosing recipes for the program was given careful attention because our curriculum relies heavily on recipes and food demonstrations to produce behavior change.

Recipe Evaluation

Forty-six (46) recipes were categorized and evaluated for use in the program (see Table 1). Three Extension agents met to select recipes from various cookbooks and recipe websites. Researchers made their initial selection of recipes based on subjective criteria. Eleven Extension agents met to prepare, taste, and evaluate the 46 recipes, using an evaluation form for uniformity. They evaluated:

* Readability

* Likeliness of the participant to prepare

* Cost of the recipe

* Availability of ingredients to consumer

* Availability of equipment to prepare recipe

* Ease of chewing and preparation

* Taste

* Appearance

* Acceptability

The evaluation process allowed agents to critically review each recipe to determine its suitability for older adults. Using Nutritionist Pro 2010, each recipe also was analyzed for nutritional content including calories, milligrams of cholesterol and sodium, and grams of saturated fat, trans fat, carbohydrates, and protein per serving size (Nutritionist Pro, 2010).

Results

The Extension agents concluded that 18 recipes were rated high on the above criteria. The resulting choices are in Table 2. The demonstration recipe was used by Extension agents as an example during their lessons. Additionally, the agents provided the CHES participants with a take-home recipe that supported the nutrition message outlined in the lesson. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Starting with the Recipes: Evaluation Process of Selecting Recipes Targeting Rural Southern Older Adults
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.