Application of Plants in Chinese Garden Landscape

By Zhongxin, Li | Canadian Social Science, September 1, 2014 | Go to article overview

Application of Plants in Chinese Garden Landscape


Zhongxin, Li, Canadian Social Science


Abstract

Landscaping with plants as the basic materials creates an art space that is integrated with the surrounding environment through art processing and design techniques, giving full play to the beauty of the plants themselves and the beauty of rocks and water in form and function. Fully understanding the role of plants in creating the garden space landscape is the premise for good landscape designs. Rational use of plants as landscaping materials can bring about great landscaping effects in poetic and cultural prospect.

Key words: Plant landscaping; Chinese garden; Plants; Art space

INTRODUCTION

Landscaping of garden-plants begins and develops with the overall planning and specific properties of green plants, and should possess fresh ideas and unique characteristics. Garden-plant landscape and other landscape elements ought to form complete and independent views, while coordinating an organic whole with other landscaping scenery. As plants grow and change with the seasons, the garden continues to produce new dynamic landscapes. Plant Landscaping has two artistic expressions: one is to create different dynamic seasonal landscapes by mastering the plant growth cycles and seasonal changes; and the other is to create an aesthetic space at the same season by utilizing the quality and the original form of plants themselves. In plant landscape design, grasping the different patterns facilitates the control and remold of landscapes.

Plants as the main materials of landscape design have diverse species and different forms. A wide variety of plant growth habits provide landscaping materials and vast imagination in creating a landscape. Trees, shrubs and ground cover plants can create varied planting visual levels. Different tree shapes, colorful flowers and grasses can form three-dimensional rich aesthetic effects. Erect, climbing and procumbent plants, and leaves, flowers, fruits and stems of plants, as well as distinctive seasonal characteristics of garden plants during their growth can be combined into beautifully rich landscapes for people to enjoy. In landscape designs, cognition of landscaping features of all plants and the characteristics of the plant landscape is vital to creating plant landscapes.

In landscape designs, the first thing to do is to understand the growing environment, and growth characteristics of plants, and basic forms and seasonal changes of the plants need to be matched in accordance with certain rules of landscaping architecture, which can demonstrate plant landscapes' layering, colors and seasons. Changes in the environment space of plant landscaping provide people with various points of view as they m0ve each step to achieve mental, emotional pleasures and to present beautiful and rich visual effects,

Landscaping of garden plants is to use different plants as the basic materials, designs in combination with the natural elements and cultural landscapes, fully embodies the beauty of stems, branches and leaves, shapes and color. and creates a functional landscape art space in harmony with the surrounding environment. To create the perfect landscape with plants requires to meet both the plants' adaptability to the environment and ecology and to reflect the beauty of plants in the form of individual and groups by applying landscape design principles to achieve a high degree of unity of science and art, so that people can feel the ecological and artistic beauty of garden plants.

1. LANDSCAPING FEATURES OF GARDEN PLANTS

Respective characteristics of garden plants determine their different forms of artistic beauty and are able to demonstrate the landscape effects, allowing the viewers aesthetic pleasure. Different garden plants can both show the beauty of an individual plant and reflect population beauty of the combined plants according to different design requirements; and plants may also be craftily combined and reasonably arranged on the basis of their different ecological habits to create a landscape effect of plant communities composed of trees, shrubs, flowers, vines and ground cover plants. …

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