Topology of Extremism: Implication on the Contemporary Politics of Pakistan

By Khalid, Iram | South Asian Studies, January-July 2014 | Go to article overview

Topology of Extremism: Implication on the Contemporary Politics of Pakistan


Khalid, Iram, South Asian Studies


Abstract

The study of extremism topology is not only applicable to the past and present situation but also defines its roots in the future extremism. It is important to investigate that how Pakistani society engulfed in extremism? All phases are required to be investigated with the analysis of causes and their implication within the global political structure. The present study focuses to explore the nature of issue in the case of Pakistan. Pakistan has adopted many policies to counter the activities by the extremist groups. Reforms in education system and focus on youth can be helpful in managing the issue.

Key Words: Terror, Implemented devises, Cross border terrorism, Militancy and extremism, strategy.

Introduction

Extremism means holding acute political and religious views or taking of extreme actions on the basis of their beliefs. When these views and beliefs are transformed into actions, several plans and strategies are devised and implemented. This implementation brings about the situation of fear and terror, which influences the opponent to accept whatever it is not ready to accept otherwise. In this way, extremism emerges within a structural mechanism. It will be further illustrated through the following figure,

views beliefs actions implemented devises fear terror

The Structural Mechanism of Extremism

Topology means the relationship between different properties unaffected by the continuous change of their dimensions. The topology of extremism can be explained through the relationship between the above mentioned contributors and factors of extremism that their linking relationship is unaffected by any physical change in their dimensional features. There is a natural relationship between these components. Hence, the study of extremism topology is not only applicable to the past and present situation but also defines its roots in the future extremism. It is important to investigate that how Pakistani society engulfed in extremism? All phases are required to be investigated with the analysis of causes and their implication within the global political structure.

Topology commonly is employed to characterize political orientation. It locates the direction of development of a concept or a belief. The topology of political orientation distinguishes the relational thinking of a group or nation, as progressive and reactionary, liberal and totalitarians, liberal and constructive or orthodox and fundamentalist. All these concepts have their roots in the Western thoughts, while there is a dire need to develop such topologies in the Islamic concepts and among the Muslim societies. There is a need to investigate and put together the linking edges behind the extreme beliefs and actions. Without such an exhaustive effort no rational strategy can be brought forward and implemented to eliminate extremism.

In Muslim societies the dominating form of political thoughts are the political secularists, the political Islamists and the modernists. Under the political secularist's approach, Islam is undesirable and irrelevant to the statecraft. They consider religion as a personal matter of the citizens. The political Islamists believe that Islam is indispensable for the statecraft, as Islam argues for certain measures and arrangements for sustainable and progressive state. While, the modernists believe in the process of re-interpretation of Islamic rules, especially the legal aspects according to their own need and understanding. They prescribe analytical reasoning for determining the Islamic laws. (Basu, 2007, p.95) It is worth noticing that none of the above mentioned groups reflect any linking clue of extremism, but on the other hand the Muslim societies also provide ample space for who differentiate or divert from the basic tenet of Islam. The topology of extremism can be distinguished from these groups on the basis of different components and various reasons, which are based on contemporary trends within a complex structure to explore. …

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