The Study of Entrepreneurial Characteristics with Achievement Motivation and Attitude as the Antecedent Variables

By Sutanto, Eddy M.; Eliyana, Anis | Researchers World, October 2014 | Go to article overview

The Study of Entrepreneurial Characteristics with Achievement Motivation and Attitude as the Antecedent Variables


Sutanto, Eddy M., Eliyana, Anis, Researchers World


ABSTRACT

The development of entrepreneurship in Indonesia currently gets full support from the government. One of the government's supports is implemented in the form of Student Entrepreneurship Program (PMW) which is implemented throughout universities and colleges with the aim to facilitate students who are interested in entrepreneurial ventures. Through Student Entrepreneurship Program, Airlangga University supplies funds for students who are competent in making business plans, by giving them funds and opportunities to carry out entrepreneurial ventures. This support is expected not only to promote entrepreneurial spirit among students but also to make the community aware of the importance of entrepreneurship. This study aims to find out the relationship between achievement motivation and attitude, attitude and entrepreneurial characteristics, and achievement motivation and entrepreneurial characteristics of the students. The method used in this research is the Partial Least Square by using path analysis. The samples taken in this study are 69 teams of students who received funding through the business competition held in Airlangga University. The instrument used in this research is questionnaire. The results obtained from this study show that there are significant relationships between achievement motivation and attitude, attitude and entrepreneurial characteristics, and achievement motivation and entrepreneurial characteristics of the students.

Keywords: Achievement Motivation, Attitude, Entrepreneurial Characteristics, Student Entrepreneurship Program.

INTRODUCTION:

Entrepreneurship is an interesting issue for studies in Indonesia today since it has been proved that when Indonesian economy sank very low, the only surviving economy potential was entrepreneurship. In 2009 fiscal year, the government through the Directorate General of Higher Education - National Education Ministry of Indonesia, has launched Student Entrepreneurship Program to be carried out and developed by universities and colleges throughout Indonesia. The program has been taken up by all state universities and several private universities of Indonesia, which are selected by the Coordinator of private universities and colleges, with various fund allocations (Ibrahim, 2013).

Student Entrepreneurship Program is meant to equip students with entrepreneurial knowledge, skills, and spirit, based on technological advancement, in order that they may become strong and successful entrepreneurs in facing global competition. In its continuance, this program also aims to establish institutions in universities and colleges which can support the development of entrepreneurship programs. It is expected that as a result, there will be a decrease in the number of unemployed univer- sity/college graduates which tends to increase every year (Ibrahim, 2013).The students who received funds through entrepreneurship competition in Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia in year 2010 amounted to 54 groups which consisted of 3-5 students from the thirteen undergraduate programs of Airlangga University. The thirteen undergraduate programs were Medical Faculty, Faculty of Dentistry, Veterinary Faculty, Pharmaceutical Faculty, Faculty of Community Health, Faculty of Science and Technology, Faculty of Economy and Business, Faculty of Faw, Faculty of Social Science and Politics, Faculty of Psychology, Faculty of Cultural Science, Faculty of Nursing, Faculty of Fishery and Oceanography.

Airlangga University accepts around 6500-7000 new students every year. The number of students accepted in year 2010 was 6500. The percentage of students who participated in Student Entrepreneurship Program was 0.045% of the total new students. This meant that less than 1% of students who were interested in Student Entrepreneurship Program. The Directorate General of Higher Education states that the success of Student Entrepeneurship Program can be seen from at least three indicators, namely (a) the number of students who succeed in entrepreneurial ventures (as entre- preneurs); (b) the formation of entrepreneurial education model in universities and colleges; and (c) the establishment of a strong and self supporting institution of entrepreneurial education which coordinates activities relating to entrepreneurship in a university/college. …

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