A Review of Functional Disconnection Syndrome Subtypes in a Population of Children with Neurobehavioral Disorders

By Scire, Peter; Melillo, Robert | International Journal of Child Health and Human Development, October 1, 2013 | Go to article overview

A Review of Functional Disconnection Syndrome Subtypes in a Population of Children with Neurobehavioral Disorders


Scire, Peter, Melillo, Robert, International Journal of Child Health and Human Development


Current epidemiological studies characterized the prevalence of Neurobehavioral disorders such as Dyslexia/Learning Disabilities 10-15%, ADHD 10% and Autism Spectrum Disorders 1-2% of school age children. Through the use of brain imaging over the past 20 years significant breakthroughs have been made in elucidating the neurophysiology and neuropathology of these disorders possible. One such extensive review by Melillo and Leisman (2009) examined a decade worth of functional connectivity studies which lead the authors to characterized Autism Spectrum Disorders as Functional Disconnection Syndrome. The Functional Disconnection Syndrome model proposed by Melillo and Leisman (2009) not only provide a comprehensive theoretical model behind the neurophysiology and neuropathology of these disorders but also define a rehabilitative approach. The rehabilitative approach described by Melillo and Leisman was a hemispheric, multi-modal approach. For the past five years three supplemental learning centers in metro Atlanta have been employing this hemispheric multi-modal program proposed by Melillo and Leisman (2009). During that period of time, 500 children suffering from a wide range of Neurobehavioral Disorders such as ADD, ADHD, Tourette's, Learning Disabilities, Dyslexia and Autistic Spectrum Disorders underwent a comprehensive sensory-motor and cognitive evaluation to determine the existence of functional disconnection syndrome. …

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