The Model of Formation of Foreign-Language Skills of the Students in Self- Learning Activities

By Ishmuradova, Alfiya Minnemukhtarovna; Yevgrafova, Olga Gennadyevna et al. | Asian Social Science, January 2015 | Go to article overview

The Model of Formation of Foreign-Language Skills of the Students in Self- Learning Activities


Ishmuradova, Alfiya Minnemukhtarovna, Yevgrafova, Olga Gennadyevna, Derdizova, Farida Valiyevna, Maksimova, Elvira Vladimirovna, Bagateeva, Angelina Olegovna, Romazanova, Olga Vladimirovna, Fassakhova, Guzel Rafkatyevna, Asian Social Science


Abstract

The article is aimed to develop the model of the formation of foreign-language skills of the students in self-learning activities. The leading approach to the development of this model is the competence approach, reinforcing the role of experience and practical application of knowledge competencies in self-study of foreign language by students. This article presents the following components of the model of formation of foreign-language competencies of students in self-learning activities: goals, objectives, principles, stages of the formation of foreign language competences in self-learning activities, forms, functions, content of self-learning activities, result. The content of this article can be used to improve the process of teaching of foreign language, not only in the higher schools but also in the secondary vocational schools.

Keywords: model, foreign language competencies, self-learning activities, students, higher educational universities

1. Introduction

Nowadays technical universities as well as many other establishments of higher education are in the process of reforming and one of the direction of it is to use self-learning activities of students in the professional training of future competent specialists.

Modern graduates get higher education in qualitatively different conditions of the organization of the educational process and professional training (Masalimova, et al, 2014; Abdrakhmanova et al, 2006). Firstly, the federal government standards for the new generation are designed on the basis of competent approach, in which the sense-construct becomes a set of competencies needed for success in the certain area. Competencies are considered as an integrators of knowledge and are guided to action determining the willingness of the subject of teaching and professional activities to meet the challenges of the modern labor market (Bagateeva et al, 2013). Secondly, a significant difference between the new state educational standard of competency-based approach is to focus on the result: universal (key), professional and subject-social competences. The need for competent approach is called by the refinement of objectives and results of training of future specialists in technical university on the level of vocational training (Ishmuradova, 2006). Thirdly, projecting of the state educational standard of higher technical professional education on the basis of the forming of competencies involving employers to help the academic community in the formation of social order for graduates with a specific set of competencies, including foreign-language competencies (Ishmuradova, 2008). Fourthly, in the process of teaching of the future competent person in technical university the role of students becomes very important in self-learning activities because the national standard approves this type of students work which is the basis of studies and is carried out in four major areas: self-study of educational content during the lessons, self-education, self-control, self-upbringing.

2. Materials and Methods

130 students took part in the experiment. In the experimental group there were 64 first-year students and in the control group there were 66 students. Experimental and control groups were chosen so that the level of formation of foreign language competencies of the students were similar.

During the study of the levels of formation of foreign-language competencies of students in self-learning activities we used the following diagnostic tools: the author's technique of revealing the formation of various levels of foreign language competencies of students of technical university on the basis of the routing introspection and manifestations of different abilities of activity; participant observation of foreign language teachers in the process of self-learning activities of students; test cards of self-learning activities of students in the process of study of foreign language; modified versions of the questionnaire of individual style of self-learning activities of students of technical university in the study of foreign language. …

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