Careers in Psychology: Why Study Psychology?

Psychology Today, March/April 2015 | Go to article overview

Careers in Psychology: Why Study Psychology?


IF YOU'RE considering a degree in psychology, you're probably well aware of the upsides of studying human behavior. Of course, knowledge of the ins and outs of the human mind can better equip you to navigate the highs and lows of human relationships at work and everywhere else. But, too, from law to communications to sales, there isn't a field of human endeavor in which an understanding of the human psyche is not of practical value. Further, the pursuit of a bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degree in the science of how we act (and why) can open doors to an array of fascinating career paths-and not just the ones typically associated with psychology, like becoming a researcher, psychotherapist, or counselor.

Think career advisor, expert witness, human resources manager, genetics counselor, organizational consultant, executive coach, child advocate, neuropsychologist, special ed teacher. And more.

Over the past decade in the United States, the number of bachelor's degrees awarded in psychol- 1,1 ogy increased by more than 40 percent, while the number of associate's degrees conferred in the field has burgeoned by a whopping 177 percent. In 2012, 26,834 graduates walked away with a master's degree in psychology, up from 19,770 just five yearsearlier. Meanwhile, doctoral degrees awarded in psychology in 2012 reached nearly 6,000, a steady increase of about 100 per year since 2006.

Where do all the new grads go? Many who major in psych as undergrads go on to careers in administration, sales, human resources management, and marketing.

Those with a master's degree can consider becoming certified social workers, mental health counselors, or marital and family therapists. They can find work in courts, prisons, and social service agencies as well as in private practice. There are plenty of positions available that utilize a psychology background in nontherapeutic contexts, and the greatest opportunities in the immediate future are in the industrial/organizational arena, where master's psychologists are needed for employee selection, training and development, performance management, and similartasks.

To become a psychologist, whether to research, diagnose, or treat mental disorders, you'll need a doctorate. The Ph.D. has long been the traditional route to a career in research, teaching, or clinical practice; the Psy.D. generally provides a quicker track to a clinical career. Check the chart overleaf to find a career path right for you.

Hour Trending!

I/O Psychology

Why has Industrial/Organizational Psychology become one of the most in-demand fields? For starters, its main goal is to boost employee productivity and maximize workplace efficiency.

In our competitive economic climate, what company wouldn't want to hire a trained I/O professional to pinpoint development needs, choose and train workers for specific jobs, optimize organizational policies, and calculate consumer preferences? (This is only for starters. I/O folks also design performance evaluations, coach employees, and implement strategies to boost office-wide motivation.)

The 53 percent increase expected in I/O jobs across the U.S. over the next decade boils down to the growing need of modern businesses for the know-how on keeping employees engaged and industrious as well as maintaining customer loyalty.

Also credit the increasingly multigenetational workforce for boosting the need for I/O experts. The current U.S. workforce comprises four distinct generations-millennial, generation-Xers, baby boomers, and the so-called silent igeneratio-more than any number in history, reports the Society for Industrial/Organiz.ational Psychology. They come to work with different perspectives and skills, and they sometimes clash. Companies find it takes more management effort to maximize information exchange and team collaboration.

Mental Health Counseling

Why get a master's in counseling instead ofa master's in social work? …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Careers in Psychology: Why Study Psychology?
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.