Peculiarities of Demonstrative Behavior Manifestations of Teenagers Brought Up in Orphanages

By Ribakova, Lausan A.; Biktagirova, Gulnara F. | Review of European Studies, January 1, 2015 | Go to article overview

Peculiarities of Demonstrative Behavior Manifestations of Teenagers Brought Up in Orphanages


Ribakova, Lausan A., Biktagirova, Gulnara F., Review of European Studies


Abstract

Theoretical justification and experimental validation of forms and methods applied for psychologicalpedagogical correction of demonstrative behavior of teenagers brought up in orphanages have become the research objective. 127 pupils of orphanages of the Republic of Tatarstan participated in the experiment

To collect the information there were applied two variations of the test for ostentation, methods of mathematical statistics, Student's t-criteria to check hypotheses of mean average precision. The results revealed during the stating experiment showed that teenagers brought up in orphanages have a high level of demonstrative behavior. The majority of respondents are fond of attention; they are emotionally mobile, artistic and inclined to selfdeception.

The level of demonstrative behaviour lowered considerably after the program "Demonstrative behaviout: is it good or bad" aimed at the psychological-pedagogical correction of demonstrative behaviour of teenagers brought up in orphanages was applied at the forming stage of the experiment. Thereafter their demonstrative behaviour started to be of more positive character. There is observed a tendency to the average and low level of demonstrative behaviour of teenagers brought up in orphanages.

Keywords: ostentation, demonstrative behaviour, teenagers brought up in orphanages

1. Introduction

Teenagers' demonstrative behaviour manifestation is one of the acute social problems of the Russian society at present as the increasing number of teenagers is involved in the use of alcoholic drinks, narcotics, in various subcultures, groupings of antisocial behaviour. Displaying the asocial behaviour the majority of teenagers believe that this is the way to assert themselves, gain authority, and "become adult". Demonstrative behaviour is usually caused by adults' neglectful attitude to teenagers who feel lack of attention in the family where they are disregarded, even forgotten. The similar lack of attention is experienced in particular by children who due to some circumstances have appeared to be in orphanages. These children especially need attention, praise, approval, care.

The traditional policy of education in orphanages is unproductive: it is characterized by mutual rejection, aggression, anxiety, conformism, pupils' low adaptability to life in the society. Declaration of moral revival on the basis of democratic and humanistic values has not become the foundation of teenagers' education in orphanages the goal of which was to make each individual an active participant of social life, capable for selfdevelopment, self-analysis and therefore not displaying demonstrative behaviour.

Although the peculiarities of teenagers' moral development have been revealed quite fully in many researches, there is no complex analysis of teenagers' behaviour disorder problems. Most of the researches deal with primary schoolchildren behaviour, whereas behaviour disorder is the problem of adolescence as well. Numerous works devoted to the issues of behaviour disorder and its correction point to the necessity of its solution. Nowadays the technique of behaviour disorder correction in the educational process built with psychological-pedagogical data in view has not been developed, the problem of psychological-pedagogical correction of demonstrative behaviour of teenagers brought up in orphanages has got very little attention.

The notion "self-presentation" is related to the notion "ostentation". The self-presentation is the presentation of oneself to other people. The issues of demonstrative behaviour as self-presentation were studied by Vilunas (1990), Kravchenko (2002), Sokolova-Baush (1999), Shepel (1994), etc. V.M. Shepel defines self-presentation as "the skill to present oneself, to attract attention, to actualize people's interest to one's video- and audioqualities" (Shepel, 1994). J.T. Tedeshi and M. Riess define self-presentation as a deliberate conscious behaviour aimed to produce a certain impression on those around (Tedeshi & Riess, 1981). …

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