The Relationship of Communication and Organizational Aptitudes with the Most Important Indicators in the Structure of Personality of a Manager

By Khalfieva, Alisa R. | Review of European Studies, January 1, 2015 | Go to article overview

The Relationship of Communication and Organizational Aptitudes with the Most Important Indicators in the Structure of Personality of a Manager


Khalfieva, Alisa R., Review of European Studies


Abstract

The personality of a leader, his/her experience, business and characteristic features play a leading role in the management of organization. However, it should be noted that the level of professionalism of managers is determined not only by their theoretical and practical skills, but also by their ability to communicate with other subordinates, that is, personal qualities and abilities to manage people. This is due to the fact that more than two thirds of working time, every manager is communicating with other people. Nowadays the popularity of manager's profession has become more popular and requires more research on this topic; this therefore, makes this topic relevant today.

Keywords: managers, communicative features, organizational features, correlation analysis, the structure of individual characteristics

1. Introduction

1.1 Actualizing the Problem

Today, conditions of simultaneous competition and interdependence of subjects of business activity and increasing changes are replacing traditional views and approaches in management as it comes to the management of the XXI century. Modern management require the manager of the new generation to have ability to control the dynamic nature of the organization, which is based on multidirectional forces of development and stability, that is, the ability to combine participatory and hierarchical management techniques. This requires fundamentally new business qualities and skills, certain psychological warehouse person, as a basic condition for its effectiveness (Woodcock 1991).

1.2 Explore Importance of the Problem

It should be noted that the ability of managerial, entrepreneurial activity, as well as other personal qualities, appear relatively early. Although this is sometimes not given much importance. However, in recent years the attitude of teachers and psychologists to this problem have broadened, especially in our country, which has changed dramatically. Domestic psychology of management currently deals with the problems of describing the psychological characteristics of the individual Manager (Krichevsky, 1993; Danilichev & Balakirev, 1998; Mitin, 2003; Andreev, 2009, etc.). Among foreign authors, studying professional career as a Manager includes: Scherer, (2001); Maslach and Jackson, (1986); Kelley, (1975); Miller (1989); Stogdill, (1974). Professionally important qualities of leaders dedicated to a sufficiently large number of works, including the works of Santalainen and Voutilainen, (1993); Shekshni (2003); Meskon, Albert and Chidori (1992) and other.

As noted by Andreev (2009), an attempt to enumerate the most important quality of a manager as creative individuals showed only the most significant, about 50-60 qualities. However, the core backbone of the qualities that characterize manager from the point of view of its creative potential may be of the order of 10-15, especially on the basis of its continuous self-development as a creative person.

Among the qualities of a manager, according to Professor B. Miller, are the following: "professional competence, professional integrity, ability to risk, commitment, entrepreneurial spirit and a constant obsession, the ability of the leader to listen to the subordinates, the ability to speak in a way that subordinates understand without ambiguity in setting objectives, taking into account age, psychology, experience, temperament, ability to write and conduct business correspondence, the ability to behave with people..." (Miller, 1989). The personal qualities of the manager also include: interpersonal skills, managerial talent that allows you to captivate people, confidence, organizational skills, public speaking talent, initiative, self-criticism, willingness to take responsibility, justice, humanity, openness, the ability to keep his word, coherence, cheerfulness (Miller, 1989, Mitin, 2003, Maslach, Jackson, 1986).

1.3 Features of Axiological Approach Implementation

Analysis of both foreign and domestic literature on the problem under consideration has shown that communication and organizational tendencies are some of the most basic qualities of a leader (Scherer, 2001). …

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