Diagnostics of the Legal Culture of Junior Schoolchildren

By Zemlyachenko, Ludmila Viktorovna | Asian Social Science, April 2015 | Go to article overview

Diagnostics of the Legal Culture of Junior Schoolchildren


Zemlyachenko, Ludmila Viktorovna, Asian Social Science


Abstract

This article is devoted to the evaluation of efficiency of legal education of junior schoolchildren. The author suggests criteria for studying the level of legal culture: cognitive, emotional and evaluative, behavioral; describes methods and results of the research aimed at identifying the level of legal culture of primary school children in rural and urban areas. Quantitative and qualitative data processing helped to define special character of legal culture of primary school children in rural and urban schools in a comparative perspective.

Keywords: legal culture, legal education, junior schoolchild, criteria and levels of legal culture maturity

1. Introduction

According to official sources juveniles every year commit from 46000 (in 2013) to 80000 (in 2010) delinquency acts that Criminal Code regard as crime. They composed 6% of the total number of crimes in 2013 (Central Office of the State Antidrug Committee, 2013). One of the reasons for this statistics is a low level of social and legal culture of schoolchildren, whose legal conscience is characterized by the absence of clear understanding of legal regulations, by difficulty to confront their behavior to requirements of law, by inability to apply legal knowledge in a given situation, by legal conscience dependence from negative influence of the community. All these reasons increase the significance of improvement of legal education system aimed at formation of legal culture of the younger generation, at preventative measures of illegal behavior of children, youth and in general, at reinforcement of legal order and legitimacy. Today this process enters the national level and presupposes the consolidation of efforts of different institutions aimed at the increase of legal culture level; with system of education playing the main part in this process. Statistics of juvenile delinquency in the Russian Federation shows that number of law violations increases at adolescence that is why it is necessary to legally educate and take preventive measures at primary school. Psychologists say that according to analyses cognitive, emotional and evaluative, behavioral spheres of personality responsible for the formation of orientations and models of lawful behavior are formed at this stage.

Means of shaping of legal culture of junior schoolchildren are thoroughly analyzed in experimental studies of E. A. Andreeva (2002), S. V. Brykina (2003), N. Y. Maydankina (2004), etc. Issues of early preventive measures of abnormal behavior are covered in works of O. A. Kuzchenko (2006), V. P. Filippova (2010) and others; preventive measures of juvenile delinquent behavior are discussed in studies of V. G. Stepanova (2006), I. A. Protasova (2008), S. T. Suleymanova (20006) and in others.

2. Methodology

2.1 Criteria and Indicators of Legal Culture of a Personality

Diagnostic basis of legal education is one of the conditions for its efficiency. Systematic studying of the nature of legal education of junior schoolchildren is an essential part of integral pedagogical process that provide information about fulfillment of educational goals and that is of great importance for programming and regulation of civil socialization, for advance of the process of legal education and for preventive measures of law violations at the following stages of studying.

Analysis of problems of legal education proves that modern teaching practice needs to improve the criteria and indicators of its efficiency. Basis for the development of criterial system are first of all the planned results of legal education at the starting point. Modern regulatory documents concerning the organization of education and upbringing of junior schoolchildren specify the following goals-results of legal education:

1) Establishment of humanitarian and democratic value orientations; forming respect for different opinion, development of skills of cooperation with adults and peers in different social situations, ability to avoid conflicts and to find ways out of a dispute (Federal State Educational Standard of Elementary General Education, 2009);

2) Forming the respect for rights, freedoms and responsibilities of a person, the tolerance and principals of culture of inter-ethnic communication, respect for the language, cultural, religious traditions, history and way of living of representatives of nations of Russia, introduction to the following values: legal state; civil society; law and order; politcultural world; personal and national freedom; trust to people, state institutes and civil society (Model of basic educational program of Elementary General Education, 2010);

3) Learning the value and content of such notions as devotion to Motherland, legal system and legal state, of such ethic categories as freedom and responsibility, of such worldview notions as honor, conscience, duty, etc. …

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