Increasing Efficiency of Breeding Dairy Cattle in Agricultural Organizations of the Russian Federation

By Stadnik, Anatoliy Timofeevich; Shelkovnikov, Sergey Aleksandrovich et al. | Asian Social Science, April 2015 | Go to article overview

Increasing Efficiency of Breeding Dairy Cattle in Agricultural Organizations of the Russian Federation


Stadnik, Anatoliy Timofeevich, Shelkovnikov, Sergey Aleksandrovich, Rudoy, Yvgeniy Vladimirovich, Matveev, Danil Maksimovich, Maniehovich, Gabdrahmanov Marat, Asian Social Science


Abstract

This work examines the current state of dairy cattle breeding in Russia and in the Siberian Federal District, on the example of the Novosibirsk region. Main disadvantages of the existing mechanism of state support for agriculture are defined. The authors propose a set of economic indicators that help to improve efficiency in allocating state funding on the basis of production volumes and the level of production costs in a separate agricultural organization, municipality, natural and economic zone and the region as a whole.

Keywords: agriculture, government regulation, dairy cattle, efficiency

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

During the last decade, the Ministry of Agriculture has been paying increased attention to development of breeding dairy cattle industry, which significantly degraded in the period of reforming economy. Active implementation of target-oriented federal and departmental programs, in conjunction with annual growth in the amount of state support since 2005 have significantly reduced the rate of cattle stock decreasing, and in some sub-federal regions, a positive trend in the volume of industry gross domestic product is observed. 2009 saw the beginning of the construction of modern cattle breeding complexes based on the use of resource-saving technologies of stock keeping, whose product is commercially viable not only within the country but also in the international market.

However, in the regions of the Siberian Federal District, reduction in dairy livestock is observed. In 2012, as compared to 2000, the number of cows in all categories of farms decreased by 42%, including that in agricultural organizations - by 33%. The produced milk is only enough to satisfy 78% of people's demand based on the norms established by the Institute of Nutrition of RAS. The main reasons for the current situation in these regions are harsh climatic conditions for keeping animals and for formation of forage reserve in farms, which leads to reduction in productivity and higher production costs as opposed to sub-federal regions located in the southern areas.

In modern conditions, development of new theoretical approaches and practical recommendations for the development of milk production in agricultural organizations on the basis of optimizing their production parameters, diversification, introduction of innovative technologies, government support has become vital.

A significant contribution to the study of current state and issues of state regulation in agriculture, particularly in dairy cattle breeding, was made by eminent scholars such as Cungu A., Gow H., Swinnen J. F. M., Vranken L., Von Witzke H., Polukhin A. A., Malyshkov V. I., Kovalev L. I., Kovalev I. L., Budanov I. A. Their works provided scientific basis for research study in strategic directions of market players development (Cungu et al., 2008; Von Witzke, 2008; Polukhin, 2014; Malyshkov, 2013; Kovalev & Kovalev, 2013; Budanov, 2013).

2. Main Part

The Siberian Federal District includes 12 sub-federal regions of the Russian Federation (4 republics, 3 provinces, 5 regions) located in various climatic zones with specific landscapes. This affects specialization of production in livestock breeding and its development in whole. A typical representative with developed agricultural sector of economy in this region is the Novosibirsk region. The rates of livestock development here are close to the average values for the District (Official website of the Federal State Statistics Service).

When comparing rate of the dairy cattle breeding development in the Novosibirsk region and in Russia as a whole, it was revealed that lack of differentiation in distribution of the state support during implementation of federal programs of agriculture development did not contribute to uniform development of the industry. This situation has led to a reduction in the number of cattle and dairy cattle population by almost 30% in the Novosibirsk region alone. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Increasing Efficiency of Breeding Dairy Cattle in Agricultural Organizations of the Russian Federation
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.