Methods for Developing Technological Thinking Skills in the Pupils of Profession-Oriented Schools

By Nigmatov, Zyamil Gazizovich; Nugumanova, Iyudmila Nikolaevna | Asian Social Science, April 2015 | Go to article overview

Methods for Developing Technological Thinking Skills in the Pupils of Profession-Oriented Schools


Nigmatov, Zyamil Gazizovich, Nugumanova, Iyudmila Nikolaevna, Asian Social Science


Abstract

The urgency of the problem under investigation is due to the fact that technological thinking skills are today one of the important conditions of polytechnic education and professional orientation of the pupils of different types of schools. Technological thinking contributes to the development of pupils' innovative and inventive abilities, as well as promotes the scientific level of education. The purpose of the current article is to reveal different methods for developing technological thinking skills of the pupils of contemporary profession-oriented schools. These methods are based on the development laws of the features of profession-oriented schools and are focused on the pupils, prone to technological activities. The authors conclude that the considered training methods and techniques stimulate the development of technological thinking skills of the pupils, as well as spark their interest in technological, encourage the broad scientific and cognitive activity that characterizes general labor education of profession-oriented schoolchildren.

Keywords: technological thinking, profession-oriented school, subject-oriented training, technological competencies, development, technological problem

1. Introduction

Active processes of reforms in social and economic spheres of the society have put the theory and practice of technological competency formation at the forefront. In recent decades, "... many companies use the term "competency", which means integrated knowledge, skills, judgment and attributes that are needed to people to effectively perform the work" (Developing a competency framework, n. d.). These processes require comprehensive analysis of established theoretical principles and practical technologies of training and education, whereas such a comprehensive analysis needs the developed technological competency of pupils, especially the upper-form pupils of the profession-oriented school. Moreover, "the development of technological competency in a profession-oriented school should be based on various solutions to challenging profession-oriented technological or physical problems that accompany the learning process of the pupils of profession-oriented school at all stages of mastering the profession" (Nugumanova, 2010).

Since "functional competencies, or as they are called, technological competencies relate to functions, processes... and include the knowledge of, and skill in the exercise of, practices required for successful accomplishment of a specific job or task" (Sturgess, 2012), in the profession-oriented school the solution of intriguing technological problems becomes standard procedure and takes the leading position in the technological thinking development technology. In an age of technological progress, it is important to educate technically literate, deeply thoughtful people-thinkers "who are very practical, technological-oriented and precise. These thinkers rely heavily on common sense, rather than on imagination. Perhaps, one could refer to them as "technological thinkers", as their work is thought out in every detail and deserves all-around support" (Different ways of thinking, 2011).

The importance of training of technological thinkers from their school days lies in the fact that the technological thinking is one of the basic conditions of polytechnic education and occupational guidance. It contributes to the development of innovative and inventive skills, shaping of a stable interest in children not only in technological, but also in science, since technological thinking contributes to improving the scientific level of education.

2. Techniques

Many scientists and practicing teachers emphasize that technological thinking is manifested in the ability of a person to successfully solve technological problems. Therefore, we have logically identified the ability of the pupils to solve integrated technological problems of different complexity levels as the primary technique for development of their technological thinking skills. …

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