A Level of Jump Abilities of Elite Slovak Soccer Players at Different Positions in Field

By Pivovarnicek, Pavol; Pupis, Martin et al. | Journal of Physical Education and Sport, March 2015 | Go to article overview

A Level of Jump Abilities of Elite Slovak Soccer Players at Different Positions in Field


Pivovarnicek, Pavol, Pupis, Martin, Lacena, Michal, Journal of Physical Education and Sport


Introduction

Modern trends of present professional soccer become evident mainly in dynamics and constant increase in playing speed which is especially presented by limiting jump abilities. We agree with the authors Psotta et al. (2006) who state that the biggest changes in soccer in last years were made especially in condition figures which regard to speed-force assumptions in playing performance. The condition according to Bunc (1999) presents 3040% of playing performance in soccer. According to Reilly (1997), Psotta et al. (2006), Orendurff et al. (2010), soccer is intermittent movement activity which contains very short, usually 1 to 5 seconds continuing intervals of endurance with high to maximum intensity, which alternate with intervals of endurance with lower intensity or inaction lasting from 5 to 10 seconds. Bangsbo, Mohr & Krustrup (2006), Bangsbo, Iaia & Krustrup (2007) state by professional players 150 to 250 short intensive activities in a match. Hipp (2007) declares that in the soccer match we can observe by player around 100 to 150 sprints with different length.

Important fact in connection with meaning of jump abilities is the statement of Psotta et al. (2006) that jump ability develops especially in accelerating sprint phase around 1.85 to 2.00 s when soccer player runs ca. 10 to 12 m. Grasgruber & Cacek (2008) state that the power is the most important factor in accelerating sprint phase too. According to Psotta et al. (2006) 50-65% of all realized sprints are shorter than 5m, 75-85% of all sprints are no longer than 10m and the average length of sprints is 9m in a single soccer game. We can agree with authors that the most important element of running speed of soccer players is starting speed and running acceleration. According to various researches professional soccer players achieve significantly higher speed in first 10 m sprints in comparison with players from lower leagues (Grasgruber & Cacek, 2008, Psotta et al., 2006). Besides Mohr, Krustrup & Bangsbo (2003) found out by elite players about 28 to 58% bigger distance (p < 0.05) in runs at high intensity (> 19km.h-1) and sprints compared to players of lower level (run at high intensity = 2.43±0.14 vs. 1.90±0.12km, sprint = 0.65±0.06 vs. 0.41±0.03km). Haugen et al. (2012) discovered that Norwegian national soccer players and players of the Norwegian Premier league achieved higher performance from the point of view of the acceleration and running speed (p < 0.05) than players from 2nd division (difference 1.0-1.4%), 3rd - 5th division (difference 3.0-3.8%), junior national team (difference 1.7-2.2%) and junior players (difference 2.83.7%). Considering that this research lasted more years (1995-2010, n = 939, age = 22.1±4.3 years), the authors had the possibility to determine that players in years 2006-2010 were faster about 1-2% in 20m run and had achieved rather maximal speed in comparison with players in years 1995-1999 and 2000-2005.

If we take presented facts and variability of game requirements into account, e. g. constant direction changes in running, personal duels, getting up after falls, different types of kicks, passes and many other things. We can state that soccer players use almost always jump abilities. Soccer game is characterized largely with different forms of speed and speed-dynamic abilities and success of a soccer match is depending on and determined by their level. Production and absorption of power reveals in final performance (rational and effective solution of physical activity of the player) but reveals as possible cause of player's injury too (Malý et al., 2011). Jump abilities are limiting factors of the soccer player and their high level is one of the most important preconditions of player's success in realization of playing situations. It comes to many encounters of players of different playing positions in the match. The advantage of high level of jump abilities especially determined in vertical jumps and short sprints can be the decisive moment of successful solution of playing situation in favor of offensive and defensive team. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

A Level of Jump Abilities of Elite Slovak Soccer Players at Different Positions in Field
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.