Economic, Social and Environmental Aspects of the Impact of the Universiade - 2013 on Development of Kazan City and Tatarstan Republic

By Bagautdinova, N. G.; Mingazova, N. M. et al. | Asian Social Science, May 2015 | Go to article overview

Economic, Social and Environmental Aspects of the Impact of the Universiade - 2013 on Development of Kazan City and Tatarstan Republic


Bagautdinova, N. G., Mingazova, N. M., Zamaletdinov, R. I., Panasyuk, M. V., Safiullin, L. N., Gafurov, I. R., Glebova, I. S., Zotova, F. R., Kadyrov, A. R., Suslova, O. B., Asian Social Science


Abstract

The article describes the methodological approaches used to study the influence of major international sporting events on the development of the city and region (on example of XXVII World Summer Universiade which held in the Russian Federation in the city of Kazan in 2013). This paper presents the results of economic, social and environmental consequences for the development of the city of Kazan and Tatarstan. Assessment of impacts is given in an integrated form, with the conclusions of the contradictory effects for the different areas of the city and the region.

Keywords: international competitions, XXVII World Summer Universiade, economic aspects, social aspects, Environmental impact assessment, Kazan city, Republic of Tatarstan

1. Introduction

World Summer and Winter Universiade, promoting international cooperation, peace and understanding between peoples is also a powerful incentive for the development of social and economic systems of city and region where it conducted as well as the modernization of all aspects of life (Malfas, Theodoraki, & Houlihan, 2004; Mingazova et al., 2013). Consequences of major sporting events, including the Olympics, World Championships and Universiade, usually so tangible for the population of the region that specifically examined, including quantification of the dynamics of socio-economic indicators as well as evaluating changes in the quality parameters of regional society and environmental change.

Difficult and controversial nature of the interaction of major subsystems often leads to the fact that the positive effect on the development of one functional system causes negative changes in other systems. Among the identified positive effects material results were found (new and upgrade sports facilities, new transport infrastructure, the growth performance of the economy, etc.) as well as intangible heritage (increasing the attractiveness of a healthy lifestyle and sports, the growth of patriotism, etc.). Among the negative consequences there is the need to repay loans for the construction, environmental degradation, incomplete utilization of sports facilities after carrying out of games et al., which, in general, typical for most cities, where there has been a major international sporting events (Mingazova et al., 2013).

Existing and emerging evaluation approaches and methods enable to identify ways to maximize the positive socio-economic impact of each stage of the business cycle of the Universiade, and also allows generalize and use this experience in the future.

XXVII World Summer Universiade, held in Kazan from 6 to 17 July 2013, led to a fundamental transformation of the urban environment and changed the nature of socio-economic development of the city, leading to a significant impact on the dynamics of not only the region of the Republic of Tatarstan (RT) but Russia as a whole. Student project in its scope and complexity can be compared with the implementation of major industrial projects, which were implemented region in the XX - XXI centuries., including the construction of factories JSC "KAMAZ" in Naberezhnye Chelny, the company of "Nizhnekamskneftekhim" etc.

Currently, it became obvious that adequate results analyzing the effect of major sporting events on the region's development cannot be based only on the study of economic dynamics. They should cover all aspects of the existence and development of urban and regional societies in terms of their basic functional systems that are social, economic and environmental (2010). Therefore, the theoretical basis to conduct research on the effect of the 2013 Universiade on the development of the region and Kazan was the concept of sustainable development, the main findings of which (Ely, Smith, Stirling, Leach, & Scoones, 2013) allow us to find solutions to the problems of economic growth and economic efficiency without harm to the environment and social development. The parameters of the dynamics of sustainable development led to the composition of indicators to assess the impact of the Universiade, which included the blocks corresponding to the three functional systems, determines the stability of the city and the region. …

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