Study of University Students' Foreign Language Speech Activity Formation

By Valeev, Agzam A.; Valeeva, Lilia A. et al. | Review of European Studies, January 1, 2015 | Go to article overview

Study of University Students' Foreign Language Speech Activity Formation


Valeev, Agzam A., Valeeva, Lilia A., Sirazeeva, Albina F., Review of European Studies


Abstract

Today the scope of international activity of Russia has increased. In this regard, there has appeared a steady demand for a good knowledge of one of the European languages (English, French or German). However, in teaching university students there is still a number of problems: poor development of pedagogical conditions for increasing the efficiency of university students' foreign language speech activity; the problem of the evaluation criteria of speech development level and technological organization of students' language development; ignorance of its methodological and linguodidactic foundations; uncoordinated study of foreign and native languages; lack of consideration of the motivational features of student's linguistic personality formation, etc. The article reveals the essence, structure and content of foreign language speech activity. The use of problem-solving communication speech and grammar exercises ensures the successful formation of foreign language speech activity in the learning process that forms a meaningful basis for speech activity. The article determines the principles of its organization and presents a structural and functional model of the development of foreign language speech activity. The results of experimental work suggest the viability of structural and functional model of university students' speech activity formation. The model shows a correlation of its components, justifies pedagogical conditions for its effective implementation, reveals students' speech activity development level, provides the criteria, proposes diagnostic tools, as well as the complex of problem-solving and communication methods for the future formation of the main types of students' speech activity that provide professional character and meaningful basis for foreign language speech activity.

Keywords: linguistic identity, foreign language speech activity, speech development, verbal skills, speech functionality, communication methods, professional character of learning process, situation of speech communication, communication needs, university students

1. Introduction

1.1 Actualization of the Problem

Nowadays there are a number of trends in the process of intensification of teaching university students. They include the integration of professional and general cultural training of specialists alongside with the development of their personal qualities; striving for self-realization and creative self-expression; the transition to modular curriculum development with a wide range of elective courses; adoption of rating system for students' knowledge assessment; a great number of opportunities for self-study; introduction of open systems of intensive training in educational process, etc (Levina et al., 2015; Shaidullina et al., 2014, 2015; Kalimullin, 2014; Masalimova et al., 2014; Sibgatova et al., 2015). Concerning the formation of the linguistic identity of a new multi-lingual type, today there is a search for the means to ensure the effectiveness of university students' foreign language speech activity, which affects the fundamental structure of didactics, pedagogical psychology, cultural studies (in particular, the ethnic culture). However, pedagogical conditions to increase the efficiency of university students' foreign language teaching haven't yet been studied enough so far. That leads to a contradiction with the needs of social, national (ethnic and cultural) and pedagogical practice. There is a certain difference between the importance to increase the general cultural level of the young generation, their speech culture and its low current level, and the lack of methodological and scientific support of this process. In this regard, there arises a necessity for theoretical understanding of accumulated changes in teaching practice and their reflection in the objectives, content, technology, formation of foreign language speech activity.

1.2 Explore Importance of the Problem

Pedagogical understanding of the problem of university students' foreign language speech activity is connected with the formation of student's self-concept and civic education (Valeeva, Koroleva, & Sakhapova, 2014; Gutman et al. …

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