Design and Implementation of Mobile Learning Tools and Resources in the Modern Educational Environment of University

By Toktarova, Vera I.; Blagova, Anastasiia D. et al. | Review of European Studies, January 1, 2015 | Go to article overview

Design and Implementation of Mobile Learning Tools and Resources in the Modern Educational Environment of University


Toktarova, Vera I., Blagova, Anastasiia D., Filatova, Anna V., Kuzmin, Nikolai V., Review of European Studies


Abstract

The article introduces the issue of mobile learning in higher education. It examines designing and implementation of mobile learning system in university education process through the use of mobile devices. It explores benefits of m-learning, the basic requirements for mobile learning tools and resources. The article represents the author's m-learning system of programming mobile applications for Android. The results of the study which was carried out with the students of the Applied Mathematics and Informatics Department show high impact mobile learning has on teaching and learning process in higher education.

Keywords: mobile learning, informatization of education, programming, m-learning systems, education process, higher education

1. Introduction

Active implementation and use of new mobile devices and learning technologies, design of electronic educational resources of the new generation are defined as strategic objectives of the transition to e-learning and indicators of socio-economic efficiency of the implementation of the current Federal Program for the Development of Education. According to the Federal Law "On Education in the Russian Federation", organizations engaged in educational activities, can also use e-learning, distance technologies in the delivery of educational courses (The Federal Law, 2012). Moreover, all necessary conditions should be created for the functioning of informational and educational environment, which is supported by electronic educational resources, information and telecommunication technologies, appropriate technological devices. Rapid development of web technologies and compact mobile devices provide conditions for e-learning, which is, according to the study (Polat et al., 2006; Bondarouk & Ru?l, 2011), a distant interaction between the teacher and students, which reflects all the components of teaching and learning process and is provided through interactive devices.

Nowadays, one of the most effective types of distance and e-learning technologies is mobile learning (mLearning, m-learning). The analysis of global trends in the use of mobile technologies proves the need for the application of mobile devices in the educational activities for achieving a variety of pedagogical aims and providing remote access to learning resources in higher education process. Mobile learning adds new value to the education process, reflects the trends in modern education by providing instant access to information; it is a new tool in the information society, where a new learning environment is created, regardless time and place.

2. Methods

The study is based on the results of the following scientific methods:

- Theoretical methods: the study and generalization of domestic and international experience in the designing and implementation of mobile learning in higher education system, analysis of the pedagogical, psychological and technical literature on the informatization of education; inference methods; analysis of regulatory documents, federal state educational standards, curricula, programs, etc.;

- Empirical methods: survey, comparative benchmarking, statistical analysis of the research results, experimental teaching and learning.

3. Results

The use of m-learning is becoming common due to many factors: new social needs in modern educational technologies, the development of market economy, improvement of the learning forms and methods (Al-Qahtani, & Higgins, 2013).

Various sources define mobile learning as:

- The use of wireless and mobile networks to facilitate, support, enrich learning and provide greater educational coverage (MoLeNET, 2015);

- E-learning through the use of mobile devices (smart-phones, tablets, net-books, handhelds, etc.), that provides mobility to students (GOST, 2011);

- Educational process in which learners gain educational information being away from the traditional learning environment, or such learning which is based on the use of educational opportunities and benefits of mobile technologies (Toktarova, 2013);

- Educational activities through the use of compact and portable devices that allow students to master learning materials more effectively consume and create information (Wexler et al. …

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