The Effect of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition Technique on Students' Reading Descriptive Text Achievement

By Zainuddin | English Language Teaching, May 2015 | Go to article overview

The Effect of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition Technique on Students' Reading Descriptive Text Achievement


Zainuddin, English Language Teaching


Abstract

This study was aimed at finding out the effectiveness of applying Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) Technique on Students' Reading Descriptive Text Achievement. In other words, the objective of this study was to find out if there was a significant effect of applying Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) Technique on Students' Achievement in Reading Descriptive Text. This study was designed with the experimental research. The subject of this research was the second year student of Junior High School in Indonesia. The subject consisted of 3 parallel classes. Every class consisted of 30 students. They were randomly selected out as the sample of the research, and divided into two equal groups, in which 30 students for experimental group and another 30 students for control group. The experimental group was taught by applying Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) Technique, while control group was taught by using Classical Method (CM). The instrument of collecting data used objective test (multiple choice items) and subjective test for reading descriptive text materials. To obtain the reliability of the test, the researcher applied Kuder Richardson formula (KR. 21). The pre-test and post-test were administered and then the data were statistically analyzed by using the t-test formula. The result showed that the t-observed (4.539) was higher then t-critical value (1.671) at the level of significance (0.05) for α-one tail test (4.539 > 1.671), and the degree of freedom (df) was 58. Based on the analysis of the data, the result indicated that the null hypothesis (Ho) was rejected and the alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted. It can be concluded that there was a significant effect of applying Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) Technique on Students' Reading Descriptive Text Achievement compared with classical method (CM) of teaching.

Keywords: co-operative integreted reading composition, reading, and descriptive text

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

1.1 Background

English language has been stated as a global language. It is said as a global language for its wider use as the language of science and technology. It has been a tool of communication in all over the world to communicate internationally. In Indonesia English is taught as a foreign language (EFL). It has been included in the school curriculum of Department of National Education and it is compulsory to study for all first, second as well as third class students of Junior High Schools (SMP) until Senior High Schools (SMA). The aim of teaching English as a Foreign Language in Indonesia is to enable the students to communicate meaningfully in speaking and writing skills (Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2007, p. 11).

In learning and teaching English as a foreign language in Indonesia the students are introducing the four basic skills of learning English, namely listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Since the position of English as a foreign language most of the students at the level of junior high schools, Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP) and senior high schools, Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA) still find it difficult to study, especially for reading skill achievement of descriptive text. Based on the researcher's observation at the present time, the students' achievement is considered low in English fo reading skill in terms of lack of mastery learning grade of pasing grade minimum (KKM), known as Ketuntasan Kelulusan Minimum. Due to the difficulties faced by the students, the researcher attempted to overcome the students' problem by applying the appropriate of innovative approach which is developed by Slavin (1995) Cooperative Learning. Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) technique in teaching reading skill. In respect to this approach Slavin (1995, p. 104) stated that Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) is a comprehensive technique for teaching reading, writing and language arts in the upper elementary grades. …

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