The Research Methodology of the "Poetics" Scientific Category of Bashkir Fables

By Samirkhanova, Gulkay; Sharipova, Zaituna et al. | Review of European Studies, January 1, 2015 | Go to article overview

The Research Methodology of the "Poetics" Scientific Category of Bashkir Fables


Samirkhanova, Gulkay, Sharipova, Zaituna, Bukharova, Gul'nur, Bulyakova, Gadilya, Latypova, Rida, Suleymanova, Louisa, Review of European Studies


Abstract

The paper reveals the issues of Bashkir fables poetics, in particular, definition of types of plot formation, detection of framework features, image classification, images characteristics evolution analysis, transformations under the influence of social environment. The main material for study is represented by the literary works of Bashkir writers and poets from the beginning of the 20th century to date. The main findings are detection of actually Bashkir and borrowed fable plots, four types of plot formation of borrowed plots, definition of conflict types in Bashkir fables and images transformation tendencies.

Keywords: philology, education, literature, Bashkir literature, fable (masal, tamsil, amsal), moral, actually Bashkir and borrowed plots, types of plot formation, the law of definite composition and images idea, image transformation

1. Introduction

Bashkir literature is one of rich ancient literature with its own centuries-old traditions. At different stages of its development Bashkir literature distinguishes itself with ideological and thematic scope and genre originality. Appearance, establishment and change of genre system are intimately related to the development of literature history and artistic idea, which are conditioned by historic reality and social relations change. At the same time when genre system is being renewed in modern Bashkir literature some genres remain the same. Among the latter there's fable genre.

Bashkir fable along with other genres is considered in the works of such Bashkir scientists as Kharisov A. I., Akhmedyanov K. A., Kunafin G. S., Khusainov G. B. However as an individual literary issue it hasn't been a subject of special study yet. The volume of factual material in Bashkir literature is not estimated, genre evolution stages aren't defined. Fable genre specific features, its ideological and thematic diversity haven't been studied. Need for the study of Bashkir fable genre poetics in general, and the questions of theory and genesis of Bashkir fable, plot formation techniques, conflict and imaginative system characteristics in particular, determine the relevance of this study theme.

2. Literature Review

There are no individual monographies concerned with the poetics of fable genre in Bashkir literary studies. Researchers study theoretical material largely relating to genre hierarchy, genre nature and functions only together with other literary issues. When studying Bashkir literature of the 18th-19th centuries Kharisov A. I. remarks the didactic nature of fable (Kharisov, 1965), definition and characteristics of genre, differentiation of "masal" and "tamsil", imaginative system features are provided in the works of Akhmedyanov (2003), Khusainov (2006).

In their studies folklore specialists Barag and Zaripov emphasize the relation of fairytales about animals with fairytales of fable type: "in folklore of the majority of Turkic, Iranian, and Arabic nations a peculiar intergrowth of fairytales about animals with fairytales of fable type took place. Today it's impossible to demarcate them" (Barag & Zaripov, 1989). Genre history development in Bashkir literature was most completely covered in the works of Kunafin (1999, 2004). The author, who studied establishing and development of fable genre in the second half of the 19th-the beginning of the 20th centuries considers fable a genre of narrative lyric poetry.

The researchers of Tadjik literature Levin, Rabiev and Yavich emphasize the antiquity of genre name origin (Levin et al., 1981). Thus, in ancient Classical Greek literature fables, parables, proverbs and sayings were named "ainos", then "apologue", "parabole" and "allegory". In Oriental art all these notions were named with a semitic word "mashal" and its dialectical derivative "amtal", "masa". Through Arabic the word "mashal" came into use among nations of Central Asia, as "masal" and "zarbulmasal" that meant "giving an example". …

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