Conceptual Features of the Balanced Development of Business Organizations

By Khorev, Alexander I.; Salikov, Yuri A. et al. | Asian Social Science, August 2015 | Go to article overview

Conceptual Features of the Balanced Development of Business Organizations


Khorev, Alexander I., Salikov, Yuri A., Serebryakova, Nadezhda A., Asian Social Science


Abstract

In authors' opinion, studying and searching for main features of organizational development possess a fundamental nature and is a main task of scientific research in the sphere of economics and management. According to the results of the performed research, the main attributes of the organizational development include balance, which could ensure stable work of the organization. In general, balance characterizes harmony and equation of the system as to all its compomemts; a methodological basis of the balance, as an object of scientific research, is the dialectic nature of dichotomic aspects in the developing system. The article includes practical examples of dichotomic contradictions which require a balanced approach as to preferred spheres of activity of industrial organization. With the help of the presented examples and based on the opinions of famous specialists, the authors prove that account of requirements to balance of processes and elements of the organization as a socio-economic system, allows reflecting the real situation more adequately, comparing alternative variants and making high-quality managerial decisions, reasoning and forming priorities of business activity, minimizing risks and contradictions while forming and realizing strategic and tactical goals.

Keywords: organizational development, balanced development of business organizations, features of development, dichotomic peculiarities of development, balance

1. Introduction

At present, the influence of the category "development" is rather strong, both in theoretical and practical aspects. Having undergone evolution, the notion of "development" spread in scientific circles, sphere of public administration, numerous international organizations and political societies, and various social classes. By virtue of its special importance, volume and complexity, this category became a key one during last 50-60 years in scientific, political, social, and economic vocabulary. Usage of the notion of "development" is often a peculiar test and implicitly proves the competence and awareness of modern realia.

Classical scientific ideas, regarding essence and peculiarities of development, originally had a vivid philosophical nature and were elaborated mostly for the problems of macro-subjects, including society, state, policy, and economy as a whole. However, during last decades, scientists' attention to the issues of development at the level of business organizations grew, which resulted in emergence of new scientific field that received the name "Organization Development" (OD).

Scientific literature describes a wide variety of main features and peculiarities of OD. At that, during the primary stage of this concept's formation, the meaning of OD was rather narrow. Thus, according to some authors, including Bennis W. G. (1969), Miles R. E. (1975), Huse E. F. (1980), OD supposed a specific program, strategy, or series of steps for implementing corporate changes that related primarily to behavioral aspects and aimed at the increase of organization's functioning effectiveness. The next stage of conception's formation is characterized by a wider scientific view, according to which, the researches pay attention to the necessity of considering not only behavioral, but also other important factors of organization development.

For example, the list of main principles and values of development, presented by the International Association of Consultants (involving Portsmouth Consulting Group), states that OD is an effective method in democratic society, which includes openness; control of actions; dialogue between people who possess the same authority and tend to solutions and development of new courses (Kubr, 1986). At the same time, a lot of authors, in particular, Beckhard R. A. (1989), Porras J. I. & Silvers R. C. (1991), emphasized the importance of organizational processes, and the researches Deal T. E. & Kennedy A. A. (1999), Schein E. …

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