Philosophical and Methodological Potential of Categories "Social Time" and "Social Space"

By Gatiatullina, Elvira R.; Polyakova, Elena I. et al. | Asian Social Science, August 2015 | Go to article overview

Philosophical and Methodological Potential of Categories "Social Time" and "Social Space"


Gatiatullina, Elvira R., Polyakova, Elena I., Khasanova, Alina N., Asian Social Science


Abstract

The article is dedicated to one of the most relevant issues of contemporary philosophy: methodology for analysis of social space and social time. It considers the cognitive foundations of perception of space, some aspects of the design process of spatial models and their reflection in a natural language. Understanding of space is impossible without linguistic constructions, as many peculiarities of environment including spatial and ontological facts can be formed and fixed in human consciousness through linguistic concepts.

Two dominant structures of social objective reality - i.e. social time and space - have been discussed: processes of genesis of informational society and world globalization. It is revealed that usage of category of "identity" gives principally new opportunities to reflect specificity of social space and time under globalization. The article considers social networks as a principally new form of social space in information society: they are deprived of constant localization and calendar determinants, abide by their internal laws and are not vulnerable to unification processes.

It is also shown that in the general context of world globalization the character of mutual determination of social time and space is changing. Not so long ago the main tendency of social time and space was seen in accelerating its "going". Nowadays, under contemporary hyperdynamic globalization of social objective reality the objective measure of social time is power of substance streams in social space, energy, and information, and this power is mediated by new forms of social objective reality, including global market, international corporations, electronic stock exchange and money, Internet etc.

Keywords: identity, information society, modernity, network society, social space, social time, world globalization

1. Introduction

Internal laws of philosophical cognition are such that its intentions are determined by the general context of social reality in the most general understanding. The latter includes level of culture, social processes which are dominant at the current moment, forms of activity and communication that have been formed (or being formed). In this sense the categories of time and space (the main measures of objective reality) are unchangeably topical matters of cognition. In its turn, the meaning and forms of operationality of these categories are inevitably determined by the level of philosophical cognition that has been reached. It engenders a certain "vicious methodological circle", the breach of which means a new stage in cognition development. This article deals with certain cognitive basics of space perception and certain peculiarities of reflecting spatial perception in natural language.

Processes going on in our consciousness at the moment of constructing spatial models are little researched. There are not enough researches that could be characterized by interdisciplinary character and lie on the verge of gnoseology and particular branches of linguistics. However, the question of spatial modeling is referred to in different sciences: Physics, Mathematics, Philosophy, Linguistics, Psychology, and Neurophysiology. Understanding of space is impossible without linguistic constructions. The language itself is not just the instrument with help of which man communicates, but the most important medium in which multifaceted practical experience is rolling out (Polyakova, 2015). Natural language allows us to fix and describe complex structural components of environment, phenomena of events, and configurations of different circumstances. It also allows us to fix it all in structures of sense. In this meaning, these processes appear to be tightly connected with morphological structures of language that fix the main spatial characteristics (Polyakova, 2014). As to perceptive and gnoseological components of cognition, it is possible to say that perception of reality is based on transformation of data and their being transmitted by human consciousness with help of language. …

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