Agriculture in Pending U.S. Free Trade Agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea

By Jurenas, Remy | Current Politics and Economics of South and Central America, April 1, 2011 | Go to article overview

Agriculture in Pending U.S. Free Trade Agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea


Jurenas, Remy, Current Politics and Economics of South and Central America


Recent Developments

In letters to the chairmen and ranking members of the House Ways and Means and Senate Finance Committees, the American Farm Bureau Federation on January 29, 2010, called upon these committees to expedite the approval of pending free trade agreements (FTAs) with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea. The Farm Bureau's president stated that passage of these agreements will help reach President Obama's goal of doubling U.S. exports in the next five years, and noted that these three FTAs combined represent markets for almost $3 billion in additional U.S. agricultural exports.1

On January 29, 2010, 18 Senators sent a letter to President Obama urging his Administration to submit implementing language for the three pending FTAs to Congress for approval and -to work with us to get them across the finish line." They argued that -one concrete step to actually achieving the goal of expanding exports would be to implement" these agreements, and laid out the benefits projected for U.S. total and agricultural exports once approved.2

On January 27, 2010, President Obama in his State of the Union address stated that the United States has -to seek new markets aggressively, just as our competitors are" or -we will lose the chance to create jobs." Toward this end, he said that is -why we will strengthen our trade relations in Asia and with key partners like South Korea and Panama and Colombia."

On December 14, 2009, U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk notified Congress of the Obama Administration's intent to enter into negotiations on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreement beginning in March 2010. Although the United States already has FTAs with four TPP participating countries (Australia, Chile, Peru, and Singapore), this new initiative will involve negotiating similar agreements with Brunei, New Zealand, and Vietnam. Some U.S. agricultural interests (particularly beef and dairy) have expressed concerns about, and opposition to, granting New Zealand exporters additional access to the U.S. market. Most, however, view Vietnam as a promising market for U.S. agricultural exports. The National Farmers Union calls for the Administration to address and not replicate the -serious problems of the previous trade agreement model" in negotiating the TPP, so that agriculture is not used -as a bargaining chip for other sectors of the U.S. economy to achieve an agreement."3

Background

The 111th Congress could consider free trade agreements (FTAs) with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea. The timing of the White House submission of each agreement will depend on when Congress completes consideration of health care reform and other high-priority legislation, and on the resolution with each country of outstanding issues (e.g., labor, tax, automobiles), some of them not directly related to an FTA. While the terms of U.S. beef access to South Korea's market might receive some attention from policymakers, the agricultural provisions in each FTA largely have been received positively by most U.S. agricultural organizations and food industry associations.

U.S. farmers and ranchers, agribusiness firms, and food manufacturers view efforts to expand commodity and food exports as vital to improving farm income and business profitability. For this reason, many U.S. policymakers since the mid-1980s have viewed negotiating trade agreements as a way of creating opportunities to increase agricultural sales overseas, primarily by seeking to lower and/or eliminate other countries' trade barriers (e.g., tariffs and quotas). To accomplish this, the United States has had to reciprocate by lowering similar forms of border protection on farm and food products imported from prospective trading partners. Because of the import sensitivity of some U.S. commodity sectors (e.g., beef, dairy, and sugar, among others) to the prospect of increased competition from foreign suppliers, the executive branch has had to take the concerns of producers of these commodities into account during negotiations, in order to secure congressional approval of concluded trade agreements. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Agriculture in Pending U.S. Free Trade Agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.