Does the Gender Gap in Political Attitudes and Behavior Vary across Racial Groups?

By Lien, Pei-Te | Political Research Quarterly, December 1998 | Go to article overview

Does the Gender Gap in Political Attitudes and Behavior Vary across Racial Groups?


Lien, Pei-Te, Political Research Quarterly


Past research on the gender gap in political attitudes and behavior has paid very little attention to the experiences of nonwhites. Particularly lacking are empirical studies involving Asians. How significant is the role of gender among Asians? How does gender gap in the extent of voting participation and direction of political opinions vary across racial groups? In this preliminary examination on the confluence of race and gender, this author tries to answer the research questions using a census survey and a national poll of multiracial opinions. Logistic regression results show that the significance of gender does vary across racial groups, but it also changes according to the behavior domain investigated. In the election of 1992, small but significant gender gaps in voting registration existed among whites and blacks, but not among Latinos and Asians. Gender was not useful to predict turnout among those registered for any race. When race intersects with gender to predict political orientation and public choice, few of the slope coefficients of the interactive terms are significant and those for Asian and black women bear an opposite sign to those for white women.

Past research on the gender gap in mass political behavior tends to investigate male-female differences in the American electorate as a whole, without regard to racial group differences.l Generally, the gap has been diminishing in recent decades in terms of voter turnout, but it has not vanished in other areas of political participation (Baxter and Lansing 1983; Conway 1991; Teixeira 1992; Rosenstone and Hansen 1993; Scholzman, Bums, and Verba 1994; Scholzman, Burns, Verba, and Donahue 1995; Conway, Steuernagel, and Ahern 1997). In fact, if the issue is not whether one participates but how one participates, the gap has widened during the same time period. Women are much more likely than men to be liberal in political ideology, partisanship, vote choice, and on issues of compassion (Sapiro 1983; Mansbridge 1985; Poole and Zeigler 1985; Shapiro and Mahajan 1986; Wirls 1986; Carroll 1988; Seltzer, Newman, and Leighton 1997). These findings, however, are based almost exclusively on observations of the white electorate. When the opinions of African and Hispanic Americans are the focus in a small number of empirical studies, the evidence of a gap appears to be somewhat mixed and its contours different (Shingles 1981; Baxter and Lansing 1983; Brischetto 1987; Tate 1993; Welch and Sigelman 1989, 1992; Garcia et al. 1992; Lien 1994; Montoya 1996). When the role of gender among Asian Americans is examined at all, the research has been limited to participation activism and its findings may only apply to a specific region (Lien 1994, 1997). Moreover, almost all of the studies cited above have been driven by empirical concerns. There has been very little attempt to theorize gender roles and their possible intersections with race. Particularly missing from this group of research is an account of women of color whose experiences "formed through the intersecting processes of racial formation, labor exploitation, and gender subordination" (Lowe 1997: 272) may manifest political differences that set them apart from their white male and female counterparts.

Does the gender gap in the extent and direction of voting participation and political orientation vary across racial groups? Specifically, how significant is the role of gender among Asian Americans when compared to that in other racial groups? According to recent census surveys, Asian American women have attained an overall level of educational achievement and income status comparable to or even surpassing that of non-Hispanic white women. Their seemingly privileged socioeconomic position presents an interesting opportunity to study the interplay of race and gender on a group of nonwhite women whose economic class is not predominantly a lower one. The case of Asian American women is an intriguing one for, as explained later, their apparent prosperity in the present day may not shield them firom being sexually and racially discriminated against in the economic sphere. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Does the Gender Gap in Political Attitudes and Behavior Vary across Racial Groups?
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.