Undergraduates' Attitude as Correlates of Academic Achievement in Cataloguing and Classification in Library Schoools in Southern Nigeria

By Ogunniyi, Samuel Oke | Library Philosophy and Practice, August 2015 | Go to article overview

Undergraduates' Attitude as Correlates of Academic Achievement in Cataloguing and Classification in Library Schoools in Southern Nigeria


Ogunniyi, Samuel Oke, Library Philosophy and Practice


Introduction

Attitude is a central part of human identity. Every day, people love, hate, like, dislike, favour, oppose, agree, disagree, persuade and so on. All these are evaluative responses to an object. Hence, attitude can be defined as a summary evaluation of an object of thought (Mohamed and Waheed 2011). Mohamed and Waheed (2011) further aver that attitude is inclinations and predispositions that guide an individual's behaviour and persuade to an action that can be evaluated as either positive or negative. According to Gbore and Daramola (2013), attitude as a factor could be viewed as the totality of an individual's inclination towards object, institution or idea. Attitude could be learned or formed and acquired from members of the family, teacher and peer group. Gbore and Daramola (2013) further state that the learner acquires from the teacher's disposition to form attitude towards learning which could positively or negatively affect his performance. Adesoji (2008) citing Halladyna and Shanghnessy (1982) concludes that a number of factors have been identified as related to students' attitude to science; such factors include teaching methods, teacher's attitude, influence of parents, gender, age, cognitive styles of pupils, career interest, societal view of science and scientists, social implications of science and achievement. Yara (2009) notes that, attitude of students can be influenced by the attitude of the teachers and methods. Mohamed and Waheed (2011) gave three components of attitude as cognitive (beliefs, thoughts, attribute), affective (feelings, emotions) and behavioural information (past events and experiences).

Researchers have established relationship between students' attitude and academic achievement. Evans (2007) discovered significant correlation between students' attitude and achievement both at the beginning and end of introductory undergraduate college statistics. Mohamed and Waheed (2011) citing Papanastasiou (2000); Nicolaidou and Philippou (2003); Bramlettand and Herron (2009); Mohd, Mahmood, and Ismail (2011), confirm positive relationship between students' attitude and their academic performance. Studies on relationship between students' attitude towards Mathematics and academic achievement of students show positive correlation between students' attitude towards mathematics and academic achievement of students (sMohamed and Waheed 2011 citing Papanastasiou, 2000). In view of the foregoing discussion, it is imperative to study the relationship between attitude of undergraduates and their academic achievement in library schools in Southern Nigeria.

Statement of the Problem

Cataloguing and classification courses are the heart and soul of librarianship but some undergraduates will avoid the courses if they are made optional in the library schools. Cataloguing and classification are compulsory in library schools in Nigeria; students are expected to pass the courses before they graduate but it was observed that some students failed the courses and were not able to graduate. Attitude of undergraduates to cataloguing and classification could affect their academic achievement in the courses. The study therefore studied the correlation between the students' attitude and their academic achievement in cataloguing and classification courses in library schools in Southern Nigeria.

Objectives of the Study

The following specific objectives in this study are to:

i. find out the attitude of undergraduates towards cataloguing and classification in library schools in Southern Nigeria; and

ii. ascertain the level of academic achievement of undergraduates in cataloguing in library schools in Southern Nigeria.

Research Questions

1. What is the attitude of undergraduates towards cataloguing and classification in library schools in Southern-Nigeria?

2. What is the level of academic achievement of undergraduates in cataloguing and classification in library schools in Southern Nigeria? …

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