Moderne. Weltkrieg. Irrenhaus. 1900-1930. Brüche in der Psychiatrie. Kunst Und Psychiatrie/Krieg! Juden Zwischen Den Fronten 1914-1918/1914, the Avant-Gardes at War/Der Erste Weltkrieg in 100 Objekten

By Fischer, Lars | German Quarterly, Summer 2015 | Go to article overview

Moderne. Weltkrieg. Irrenhaus. 1900-1930. Brüche in der Psychiatrie. Kunst Und Psychiatrie/Krieg! Juden Zwischen Den Fronten 1914-1918/1914, the Avant-Gardes at War/Der Erste Weltkrieg in 100 Objekten


Fischer, Lars, German Quarterly


Goldmann, Renate, Erhard Knauer, and Eusebius Wirdeier, eds. Moderne. Weltkrieg. Irrenhaus. 1900-1930. Brüche in der Psychiatrie. Kunst und Psychiatrie. Essen: Klartext, 2014. 180 pp. i20.00 (paperback).

Heikaus,Ulrike,andJuliaB.Köhne,eds.Krieg!JudenzwischendenFronten 1914-1918. Berlin: Hentrich, 2014. 328 pp. i42.90 (paperback).

Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ed. 1914, The Avant-Gardes at War. Cologne: Snoeck, 2013. 360 pp. i78.00 (hardcover).

Stiftung Deutsches Historisches Museum, ed. Der Erste Weltkrieg in 100 Objekten. Darmstadt: Theiss, 2014. 244 pp. i24.95 (hardcover).

The centenary of the beginning of the First World War last year led to a veritable avalanche of events and publications, and reviews of the latter will be accompanying us for a while to come. Of the four volumes under review, three are exhibition catalogues and one is a coffeetablebook.Assuch,allfourareengagedinpublichistory,thougheachtacklesthetaskof conveying history to a wider public in a different way and with varying degrees of success.

The laziest of these volumes is Der Erste Weltkrieg in 100 Objekten.Itisalso,asonemight expectfromacoffeetablebookpublishedbyaneffectivelystate-runnationalmuseum-think "national" in the emotive German rather than the flat Anglophone sense of the word-blatantly propagandistic. The final section of the book bears the title, "Der brüchige Frieden - Revolution,KriegsendeundNeuordnung."Onecanunderstandthattheeditorsfoundthemselves in something of a pickle here, given that the Revolution did indeed break out before the warwasoverandwascrucialinbringingaboutitsend.Thisdoesnotyetexplaintheratherodd decision,though,toletthissectionbeginwiththeentryoftheUSAintothewarinApril1917, morethan18monthspriortotheendofthewar.WhiletheearliersectionontheEasternfront does end with the Bolshevik Decree on Peace of October 1917, Germany's extensive military activities in the East between the February and October Revolutions are missing entirely. The Western Offensive in the spring of 1918 does conclude the section on the Western front but reference to US participation in the war is made neither there nor in the section on sea and air warfare. Presumably this is simply down to the fact that the volume as a whole was conceived along the objects that the museum happens to have in its collection. Even so, by framing the entry of the USA into the war in this way, a radical disjuncture is created between the war as such and the US role in it, casting the US as an alien element in the mix.

Returning to the final section, we are presented with a a fairly predictable selection of objects pertaining to the Revolution, its immediate aftermath, and the process leading to the Peace Treaty of Versailles. Both objects related to the latter reflect militant rejection of the peaceprocess.Thenfollowanurnwithearthfromoneofthebattlefields,thegraphicrepresentation of a war invalid, and a flier published by the Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten,apparently in 1920 (thought the year is not in fact made clear), refuting antisemitic accusations that German Jews had not pulled their weight during the war. And with that we go straight to a bundle of bank notes from the period of ultra-inflation in 1923, a right-wing propaganda posterfrom1924portrayingtheDolchstoß,andbackagaintothehelmetofaFreikorpsmember.

Given Gerd Krumeich's introduction to the volume (12-19), we already know what these objects are trying to tell us. The Peace Treaty of Versailles failed to create

dauerhaften Frieden, weil sich die Siegermächte zu Richtern aufschwangen und vor allem die Kriegsschuld nach Belieben zuwiesen. ... Für das demokratische Deutschland stellte insbesondere der "Kriegsschuldartikel" ... eine schwere Belastung dar. ... Wegen des Stigmas als Aggressor durfte Deutschland nicht stolz auf seine gefallenen Helden sein wie die anderen Nationen und aus deren Ehrung und Gedenken eine Art Enttraumatisierung der Gesellschaft entwickeln. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Moderne. Weltkrieg. Irrenhaus. 1900-1930. Brüche in der Psychiatrie. Kunst Und Psychiatrie/Krieg! Juden Zwischen Den Fronten 1914-1918/1914, the Avant-Gardes at War/Der Erste Weltkrieg in 100 Objekten
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.