Medical Diagnosis and Therapeutic Services and Performance Level of Special Children

By Jurado-Leaño, Adelaila | Researchers World, January 2016 | Go to article overview

Medical Diagnosis and Therapeutic Services and Performance Level of Special Children


Jurado-Leaño, Adelaila, Researchers World


INTRODUCTION:

Education is perhaps the most important function of the state. In our present times, it is uncertain that any child is likely to succeed in life if deprived of the chance to education. Such an opportunity is a right that must be made accessible to all in equal terms. The pronouncement of the Rights of the Child by the United Nations General Assembly affirmed that mankind owes to the child the best it has to give. One of the principles has to do with the education of children with special needs runs, "The child who is physically, mentally, or visually handicapped shall be given the special treatment, education, care required of his particular condition." Concerns for the disabled started as charity works of religious and philanthropic citizens with the found ing of Insular Schools for the Deaf and the Blind and Special Education (SPED) for the disabled persons.

Special Education in the Philippines offers range of educational programs and services intended to provide for individual needs of exceptional children. It is tailored to cater necessities of children who cannot benefit normally from general education because of disabilities. Types of exceptionalities among special children include Gifted and Talented, Mental Retardation, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Speci fic Learning Disabilities, Speech and Language Disorders or Communication Disorders, Hearing Impairment, Visual Impairment, Physical Impairments, Severe or Multiple Disabilities (Inciong, et.al, 2007).

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 2005 (IDEA) is a foremost decree that controls Special Education in United States. It consists of complex system of procedural defense to uphold rights of children and their parents. The said law compels school officials to give written notice and obtain approval of parents before subjecting the child for evaluation, make initial placement, or set off a change in care order. To qualify for said benefit, disabled child must run into three statutory requirements: 1) must be within ages 3 and 21; 2) must have a specifically ascertained disability; and 3) must be in need of special education, or necessitates customized instruction to obtain appropriate public education in least restrictive environment that corresponds to individualized education program.

In SPED, an Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a written account of educational program intended to meet the child's particularized needs. All children receiving Special Education services must have an IEP for two reasons: 1) to set realistic learning goals for the child; and 2) to affirm related services that school district will grant for the disabled child. For handicapped child to profit from special education programs, related services are required. These are provided by school boards that include transportation, developmental, corrective, recreation including therapy, social work, school nurse, counseling/rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility, medical for diagnostic and evaluation purposes and supportive assistance such as speech-language pathology, audiology, interpreting, psychological, and physical and occupational therapy (IDEA, 2005)

Medical services are offered by accredited physician to verify a child's health related disability which necessitates special education and related services. When use as diagnostic and evaluation purposes, IDEA (2005) make an emphasis that medical assistance is considered "related services". This is when school personnel request an evaluation by the pediatrician for the child having seizure disorder, visual difficulties or learning disabilities, after his behavior and performance in school declines. If the pediatrician subsequently referred the child to a neurologist or psychiatrist, services of these specialists are necessary for him/her to benefit from special education.

Diagnostic and Evaluative Services do not just mean assessment which may be done as part of the initial evaluations. …

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