Critical Thinking Development in Students during College Education Process

By Stukalenko, N. M.; Zhakhina, B. B. et al. | Global Media Journal, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

Critical Thinking Development in Students during College Education Process


Stukalenko, N. M., Zhakhina, B. B., Abuyev, K. K., Seitkasymov, Aa, Utegenov, M. Z., Global Media Journal


Introduction

In the conditions of democratic society and market economy, when the interests of a personality, employers and the state often contradict each other, prospective specialists are able to maintain the traditions and experience and influence the process and the results of social and economic reforms, aimed at the country and society development, by critically assessing the surroundings. Mastering the skills of critical thinking prepares them for the applied activity, for the ability to foresee and consider the social changes, to see the changes in technology and production management and to analyze the progressive shifts in the cultural life and scientific fields. Critical thinking helps them to adapt to market economy and to develop business skills and professional competence. Having critical thinking is a necessary quality for a modern college graduate, regardless of their specialty. However, it is especially essential for teachers, psychologists, political analysts, managers and engineers, because in their professional activity critical thinking provides generation of efficient solutions and ideas and creation of new technologies.

Critical thinking development in modern college students allows prospective specialists to successfully master the bases of their future profession and to be prepared to live and work creatively in the conditions of XXI century. Orientation to the future is the key idea of professional education. Its implies that one of the main goals of the education system should be the goal of developing in the prospective specialists critical thinking, critical point of view, ability to critically evaluate everything (first of all, the results of their own activity and the activity of their colleagues), as well as ability for teamwork and cooperation for reaching the united goals. Because of this, the task of professional education modernization is related to critical thinking development in students as prospective specialists through expanding the borders of an integral education process by using information and communicative technologies, new interactive education methods and teamwork tools in the education process conditions, which reflects the students' participation in various updated directions of professional education with regard to the traditions of national higher school.

Methodology

During the conduction of the study we used the following types of methods: theoretical (analysis, synthesis, classification, generalization, deduction, induction, analogy and modelling); empirical (observation, survey, questionnaire and interview); experimental (stating, developmental and diagnostic experiment); statistical (statistical analysis of the data, qualitative and quantitative analysis of the study results).

Methodologic basis of the study consists of modern education frameworks, fundamental statements of higher education pedagogics [1,2,3], theory of professional education [4-6], theory of professional competencies development [7-10], theory of critical thinking [11-15], and theory of professional activity [16-19].The study also references the governmental documents (The concept of Higher Pedagogical Education of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2005; The concept of continuous pedagogical education of the teacher of new formation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2005; The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About education", 2007), scientific works on the studied problem by national and international researchers, periodic editions of Kazakhstan and other countries, proceedings of scientific and applied conferences, educational programs, educational and methodic books.

Results

Theoretical part of the study

A significant aspect of the scientific and methodologic aspect of present study is defining the essential characteristics of the main concepts: critical thinking, critical personality and critical society. Based on the conducted theoretical analysis we generalized the definitions of these concepts. …

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