Features of Political Orientations of Youth (on the Example of Student's Youth of the Republic of Tatarstan)

By Nikitina, Tatyana I. | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

Features of Political Orientations of Youth (on the Example of Student's Youth of the Republic of Tatarstan)


Nikitina, Tatyana I., Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

Studentship is the most mobile part of population that, being a subject of political and social relations in Russia, becomes one of the most active sources of socially-political changes.

It can be said that attitude of youth to politics was always actual for state and society, because for state is important to what degree youth percepts a life of this society and functioning of this state, what new a young generation brings in social development and activity of the country. From particular position and image of young generation depends socially-political development of society, and morale health of young determines destiny and future of nation (Morozova G. V.,2013, p. 62).

Today on Russian youth are impacting numerous diverse factors, such as political background and social-economical state of country, specifics of sate youth politics, political culture and factors related to peculiarities of youth as social-demographic group. All these factors are extremely ambiguously impact on its political orientations, preferences, models of political behavior (C. L. Brians, L. Willnat, J. B. Manheim, R.K. Rich., 2010, p. 448).

In this connection for modern Russian society is important the question: will the state be capable in course of formation of new priorities, standards and values to retain the most mobile and developed groups, among which is the student youth as the force impacting on political process.

This problem gained special significance at present time, when in social and political attitudes of youth, including studentship, prevails absence of desire to participate in real politics, accept responsibility for situation existing in Russian society. At this overcoming of difficult period that Russia live through today, related to social-economic crisis, tensed relations in international political system, sanctions of Western countries, in to significant degree determined by capacity of society to self-organization, self-possession, patriotic feelings and orientations of citizens, where one of the leading roles belongs to youth (G.V. Morozova, T.I. Nikitina, A.A. Nikitin, 2014, p. 193).

METHODOLOGY

Choice of student youth as studied group is stipulated by many factors, among which could be distinguished a high-intellectual potential and social mobility that allow to consider students as potentially active force of modernization transformations in the country.

As basis research methods served such general scientific methods as analysis and synthesis, statistical analysis. Questionnaires served as special method. These methods were selected because they are giving statistically correct and verifiable data (E.R. Babbie., 2009, p.624; E. R. Babbie., 2007, p.576).

Interviewing of Kazan federal university students was conducted in 2014. General aggregate of research is determined on basis of reports on self-inspection and is approximately 46 000 persons (2014, Date views: 8/25/2014; 2014, Date views: 8/25/2014; Naberezhnye Chelny, 2014. Date views: 8/25/2014; Zelenodolsk, 2014. Date views: 8/25/2014; 2014, Date views: 8/25/2014). Selection contained 550 persons.

Detection of political orientations is an important component of determination of social general state and personality status that became determining in choice of research themes (L. Blaxter, C. Hughes, M. Tiqht., 2010, p.328; Frank Fischer, Gerald J. Miller, Mara S. Sidney, 2007, p.645; Philip H. Pollock III., 2011, p.280).

Therefore, object of research became student youth of the Republic of Tatarstan, age 17 to 23 years. As differentiating indicators were used sex-age characteristics, training direction of preparation (humanitarian or natural-scientific), national self-identification, prevailing place of living, family state.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

As results of conducted research shows, only 19.1% of respondents participated in interviewing, would like to become a participant of political party, organization, while approximately 52% stated a vehement "no". …

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