The Youth Policy of Socio-Cultural Adaptation of Foreign Students in the Multi-Confessional Region

By Gibadullina, Milyausha R.; Silayeva, Zoya, V | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

The Youth Policy of Socio-Cultural Adaptation of Foreign Students in the Multi-Confessional Region


Gibadullina, Milyausha R., Silayeva, Zoya, V, Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

Adaptation of migrants is one of the important issues to be solved by the heads of all states. The success of the integration of foreign students into a new socio-cultural environment and their ability to take their place in society determine the process of their professional development, as well as the preservation of world order in the country. The problem of adaptation of foreign students to a foreign language and a foreign culture is updated due to the processes of globalization.

The adaptation of foreigners to the new environment has been studied by scientific schools and discussed in a variety of scientific theories [2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7] usually in the context of the current challenges and risks. Foreign students make up the basis of educational migration flows.

Today, Russian universities host around 70 thousand foreign students from 150 countries, most of which are people from Asia, Africa and Latin America [8, p. 117]. This causes actualization of the problem of intercultural interaction between such students and the host population, certain groups of young people. Consequently, an acute need arises to optimize the life and study of foreign students, going through a difficult process of adaptation to new life conditions. This problem has different solutions in the Russian regions [9; 10].

The researches of the Republic of Tatarstan conduct theoretical and empirical studies aimed at analysis of the social and psychological well-being of students, tracking of problems and their solving in a multi-confessional region [4; 10; 11]. Attention is also given to religious, national, and ethnic aspects, to preservation and expression of cultural and religious identities of the students. These aspects become relevant in the light of the activities of extremist and terrorist organizations.

A specific feature of studying the adaptation of migrants including foreign students is the need to regularly conduct quantitative and qualitative measurements for the early identification of new trends and current issues in the student environment.

This study is aimed at conducting the assessment in the higher education institutions of Tatarstan to identify features of adaptation of foreign students studying at the higher education institutions of the republic. The findings reflect the main trends in the adaptation of foreigners in the student environment. The conclusions and recommendations can be used to improve the mechanisms of intercultural interaction.

Object of the study - foreign students studying at the universities of the Republic of Tatarstan. Subject of research - the problem of adaptation. Foreign students shall be understood to mean the students coming from other countries and studying at the universities of the Republic of Tatarstan. Total 574 persons were surveyed by method of continuous anonymous questionnaire survey. The survey was conducted at the place of study or residence of the respondents.

The research problem is the contradiction between the real practices of adaptation of foreign students in the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan and the perception in the ordinary minds of strengthened impact of migrants on social tension and aggravation of ethnic and religious conflicts in the process of intercultural interaction that has developed under the influence of European events.

This study had several objectives. Firstly, identify the characteristics of youth policy in the Republic of Tatarstan in the area of migration and cooperation with international students. Second, find out their opinion about the cultural, mental and linguistic differences, language difficulties in communicating with the local population. We have implemented these objectives and tasks in our study.

METHODS

The methodological basis of the study was neobehaviorism, according to which the behavior is determined by internal variables - the system of needs, the system of values motives, and the behavioral field (a situation, in which the activity takes place, a previous experience). …

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