Reciprocally of Interconfessional Cooperation of Foreign Students and Host Populations: From the Consent to the Conflict

By Silayeva, Zoya, V | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

Reciprocally of Interconfessional Cooperation of Foreign Students and Host Populations: From the Consent to the Conflict


Silayeva, Zoya, V, Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

In conditions and globalization and democratization, possibilities of unobstructed motion from one country to another lead to significant changes of balance of ethnic and confessional identity. This can promote the development of threats and risks for confessional security. As European events show, realization of this by native population leads to occurrence of multi-level conflicts on ethnic an national ground, and, as a consequence, changes vector of intercultural communication. Such transformation stipulates actuality of this theme within a long time.

Theme of ethnic-religious and inter-confessional interaction in conditions of mass motion on population rose interest of scientists of different countries of the world. In general, all works related to studying of interaction of receiving community and persons different from it, can be divided into several groups.

To the first group can be related general theoretical researches, included in theoretical-methodological basis of this article. The most interest presented works of M. Banton (Banton M., 1995, p. 478), D. Horowitz (Horowitz D.L., 1985, p.697), A. Fomicheva (Fomicheva A. E., 2012), N. Lebedyeva (Lebedeva N.M., 2005, p. 10) and others, concerning solving of methodological problems and development of theoretical approaches and their improvement. In spite of the fact that they belong to different scientific schools and place different methodological emphasises, most of them agree that in modern realias the problem of acculturation of migrants stays one of the most complicated and theoretically multi-task.

To the second group can be related works dedicated to detection of conflict potential of migration relations and complications occurring at interculture communication. Among them deserve attention works of E. Bazhenova (Bazhenova E. Y. et al., 2015, p. 252), V. Dryagalov (Dryagalov V.S., Topchiev M.S., 2014, p. 96), R. Timoshev (Timoshev R.M., 2009, p. 5), G. Soldatova (Soldatova G.U., Nestik T.A., Shaigerova L.A., 2011, p. 60), A.Curanovic (Curanovic A., 2014, p. 788) etc. In their workas are analysed problems of necessity of paradigm bias from conflict to unity and solidarity; improvement of forms of counteraction to processes of inter-ethic and inter-confessional conflictness; occurrence of inter-ethnic tension in societies pursuing a policy of "active multi-culturalism"; imperfection of post-soviet religious model.

Third group consists of works dedicated to empiric researches on ethnic-confessional relations in separate regions. Interest is presented by analytical materials of V. Apryshchenko (Apryshchenko V. Y., 2013, p. 349), O. Karnaukhova (Karnaukhova O., 2012, p. 295), I. Kryvtsova (Kryvtsova I.O., 2011, p. 284), V. Petrov (Petrov V.N., Rakashev V.N., Rakacheva Ya. V., Vaschenko A.V., 2009, p. 117) etc. In general, most of them are detecting conditions of successful adaptation of foreign students and other categories of migrants and also complications occurring in process of social-cultural adaptation.

So, inter-disciplinary researches and works dedicated to analysis of adaptation are specific, fragmented and polemic, that is often related to differences in paradigm approaches.

Transformation of inter-confessional and ethnic interaction dependently on conjuncture and specificity of separate region stipulates necessity of systematization of not only information collected in course of regional empiric researches, but also of the most significant scientific approaches to different aspects of considered theme.

In this context interest is presented by study of specificity of Republic of Tatarstan as one of multi-confessional and multi-ethnic regions, acting as example of inter-cultural dialog and interaction. Until recent time in regions of Russia and the world researches were mostly directed at detection of factors that promoted the reduction of conflict potential in interrelations of host multi-confessional community and migrants, and also promoting their successful adaptation. …

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