Severity of Psychophysiological Options of Sportsmen Practicing Badminton

By Shapirova, Railya R.; Zhestkova, Yulia K. et al. | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, January 1, 2016 | Go to article overview

Severity of Psychophysiological Options of Sportsmen Practicing Badminton


Shapirova, Railya R., Zhestkova, Yulia K., Akhtarieva, Raziya F., Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

Psychomotor system reveals the dependence of the motor manifestations of human on psychic regulation. Arbitrary physical movements are performed under the control of consciousness, however, the manifestation of motor qualities requires conation. Accordingly, the human psychomotor system may include psychological and physiological mechanisms of control over the motor actions, i.e., all that is reflected in the various manifestations of psychomotor motor characteristics (Iliin E.P., 2009, p.107).

In turn, the psychomotor motor indicators characterizing the performance include movement frequency, time of muscle contraction and relaxation, as well as the time of response to a signal. The above velocity parameters depend on the properties of the nervous system of the athletes, the mobility of the nervous processes and their lability (Iliin E.P., 2009, p. 107). The manifestation of these indicators has its peculiarities, because one can have, for example, high rate of movements and relatively unenviable time of response to the signal. In addition, these figures manifest themselves quite specifically both in the laboratory and in real life situations (Germanov G.N., 2015, p.176).

Activation of the cerebral hemispheres (CHA) results from the degree of excitation and the number of neurons involved. The evidence of the presence of functional asymmetry of the cerebral hemispheres is a predominance of activation of one hemisphere over the other. At the same time, the identity of the activation of both hemispheres indicates a hemispheric balance. In particular, the dominance of abstract-logical component of thinking with respect to the emotionally-imaginative component indicates the predominance of the activation of the left hemisphere in right-handed athletes. Otherwise, the dominance of the activation of the right hemisphere indicates the predominance of emotionally-imaginative component of thinking over abstractly-logical one. The results of diagnosis are used to determine the type of thinking and the features of situational thinking in athletes upon selection of methods of training, development and improvement of athletic performance.

METHODS

The studies were conducted on a hardware-software complex "AKTHBa^HOMeTp AU,-9K" (Aktivatsiometr AU,-9K). The study involved students of different faculties engaged in badminton, with different experience in training (1-2 years). In total, the experiment involved 48 students of Yelabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University.

RESULTS

During the first stage, we conducted diagnosis of the activation of psycho-emotional states and the functional asymmetry of the hemispheres. A situational indicator of functional asymmetry of the cerebral hemispheres (CHFA) is characterized by a strongly predominant activation of the right and left hemispheres. Functional specialization of the left and right cerebral hemispheres in right-handed and left-handed people is opposite in nature. The obtained results are shown in Figure 1.

The quantitative characteristic of a high situational indicator (SI) indicates that both a mental tone and a mental stress exceed significantly the average index, i.e. are higher than normal. A significantly increased mental tension can be a cause of emotional and psychomotor constraint, a source of psychological discomfort, which lowers the operating and life performance. We revealed 48% of athletes with such features. An average situational indicator of mental state was detected in 37% of subjects, indicating their normal mental state. If the quantitative characteristic of the situational indicator of mental state of the subject is lower than the average, it means that the athlete's mental tone and energy are lower than the average. We revealed this state in 15% of subjects. A reduced level of mental tone and energy can cause emotional, intellectual, and psychomotor sluggishness (Ornstein, R. …

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